Computer Hardware
The Best Computer Hardware

Although some products on this page may be outdated, you will have starting point and example, what to look for and to compare with. Don't forget to check, if manufacturer released new and improved product. Guidelines:

1. Company must be among top 5 world's largest manufacturers in their field (market share %). Usually, they are largest for good reason.
2. Company's line of products must rank in top 5 by reliability (ratings). More reliable - more points.
3. Product must have large user base. This, usually, guaranties, that product will be supported longer in the future.
4. Design of product must look good and not become outdated even after many years.
5. Price of product, parts, repairs, upgrades should not be ~50%-100% higher, because product is better ~5-10%.

If you have limited resources, you should not sink money into top-tier ~+10% performance. For example, ~90% speed PC for €800, replaced every 4 years, is better choice and will give you smoother performance transition than top-tier 100% speed PC for €1600, replaced every 8 years. Instead of buying ~100% speed PC for €1600, you can buy ~90% speed PC for €800 + home cinema projector for €600 + projection screen for €200 and watch movies on big screen at home each evening with your family or friends.

For safe shopping, check stores recommended by the manufacturer and reputable retailers such as ThommanScanConrad. If you buy from Amazon (CAUKDEES), it is preferable to buy an item sold by Amazon or the manufacturer itself, or by a reputable company with decades of untainted history, based in a law-abiding country like Germany. If you buy from eBay, make sure, the seller ratings are as high as possible. The seller should have at least 100 positive reviews, and items must be insured with PayPal warranty. Amazon and eBay are riddled with scammers. Ratings and reviews on CNetGuru3dReevooEpinions

Custom Build PC Compatibility Example • 2017-01-01

PDFODG (LibreOffice Draw)

You will find each PC component with description, links and approximate price below.


PRIMARY PC - Custom built hi-performance Desktop (NVIDIA or AMD GPU = performance, Windows 10) at home ~ 800+ EUR
SECONDARY PC - Laptop with tablet mode (2-in1) (Intel GPU = long battery life, Windows 10) for outside of home activities ~ 600+ EUR

It is much cheaper to have hi-performance Desktop PC for gaming and work, than Laptop. You will pay less for the same performance and upgrades (some upgrades are not even available for laptops). For example... graphics card prices and performance:

GeForce GTX 780 for Desktop - €360
GeForce GTX 780M for Laptop - €400
Market share of PC vendors
Wikipedia 2014
Market share of TABLET vendors
IDC 2014 Q4
LAPTOP failure rates in 3 years
SquareTrade 2009
1. Lenovo 16.7% (China)
2. HP 16.4% (USA)
3. Dell 12.8% (USA)
4. Acer 7.9% (Taiwan)
5. Asus 7.2% (Taiwan)

Others 35.7%, Samsung, Toshiba, Fujitsu, Sony
1. Apple 28.1% (USA)
2. Samsung 14.5% (South Korea)
4. Lenovo 4.8% (China)
3. Asus 4.0% (Taiwan)
5. Amazon 2.3% (USA)

Others 46.2%, Acer, HP, Dell, Toshiba, Fujitsu, Sony
1. Asus 15.6% (Taiwan)
2. Toshiba 15.7% (Japan)
3. Sony 16.8% (Japan)
4. Apple 17.4% (USA)
5. Dell 18.3% (USA)
6. Lenovo 21.5% (China)
7. Acer 23.3% (Taiwan)
8. Gateway 23.5% (USA)
9. HP 25.6% (USA)
Laptop (Windows)

Dedicated Nvidia or AMD graphics cards can be more powerful, but this will drain battery faster.
Integrated Intel graphics cards can be less powerful, but this will drain battery slower.

Upgradability Manufacturer Graphics
HIGH FrameWork (USA) Intel
MEDIUM Clevo (Taiwan) = Sager (USA) = PCS (Europe) Nvidia • AMD • Intel
LOW Dell (USA) Asus (Taiwan) Nvidia • AMD • Intel

NVDIA graphics cards in Clevo laptops with NVIDIA Optimus do not support 3D Vision or 3DTV Play with external monitors or TVs. 2011-06

2022-01FrameworkFramework Laptop€830+

Modular & upgradeable Laptop

TABLET or 2-in-1 (WINDOWS)

NOTE: Some devices die with battery. It is especially bad, if battery is not replaceable. Other devices can be used even, if battery is dead, but device is connected to power. Before buying device, make sure, that you can trust manufacturer and your device will not die with battery after few years.


Look for serviceable/upgradeable tablet or 2-in-1, which you could open easily (not glued together). It is desirable to be able to replace/upgrade SSD (Solid State Drive), RAM (Random Access Memory) and battery.

If you want decent tablet or 2-in-1, look for at least:

• Intel i5 Processor
• 8GB Memory (non-soldered / upgradable)
• M.2 PCIe NVMe SSD (upgradable)

2017-08DellInspiron 14 5000 Series 2-in-1€650+

2017-01MicrosoftArc Touch Mouse Surface Edition€60

• Bluetooth 4.0 wireless mouse
• Curve: turn on, flatten: turn off
• 130mm x 59mm
• 2 AAA batteries
• Battery status indicator
• 6+ months of battery life
• Touch to scroll, click, tap, flick, control
• BlueTrack: tracking on virtually any surface
• Does not work on clear glass or mirrored surfaces
• Win 8, Win 10, Mac OS 10.10

2017-01NulaxyAluminum Stand€12

• For 4" to 10" devices
• Aluminum body
• Adjustable angle
• Anti-slip silicone
• 3 colors: black, silver, gold
• Lifetime guarantee

2017-01DellProfessional Sleeve 13€40

2017-01DellPremier Slim Briefcase 14€55

2017-01DellPremier Slim Backpack 14€55

Pre-Built Desktop PC

By building custom PC with your own hands, you can get better performance and components for smaller price. If you can't or don't want to do that, you can buy already assembled computers from companies like PCS.

2017-01PCSCustomizable Computers€300+

You can easily customize and order PC on their website.
PCS will assemble it for you.

• Desktop
• Laptop
• All-in-one
• Mini
• ...

Tower Server

2021-01DellPowerEdge Tower Servers€850+

Fanless Server

2021-01Supermicro SMicroEUSYS-E302-9D€1240

• Intel® Xeon® processor D-2123IT,
    4-Core, 8 Threads, 60W
• System on Chip
• 1 Fixed 2.5" drive bay with bracket
    (Wide Temp required)
• M.2: 1 PCI-E 3.0 x4 and
    1 SATA/PCI-E 3.0 x2,
    1 M Key 2280, 1 B-Key 2242/3042
    with Nano SIM Slot
• Up to 256GB ECC/non-ECC RDIMM
    DDR4-2666Mz; in 4 DIMM slots
• 4x 1GbE, 2x 10GBase-T, 2x 10G SFP+
    and 1 dedicated LAN for IPMI 2.0
• 1 VGA, 2 USB 3.0
• Fanless cooling
• 150W 12V Lockable DC Power Adapter

3D Quality

Before buying 3D TV, monitor or projector, make sure it can read and show Full HD 3D without downgrading resolution in any stage ...from original source to displaying on screen. Some manufacturers mislead people, that their displays are Full HD 3D, when in reality they are Full HD 2D / Half HD 3D.

High Quality Input
Source (Full HD 3D)
High Quality Output
Display / Projection (Full HD 3D)
3840 x 1080 Side-by-Side 1920 x 1080
Frame-Sequential or Page Flipping
1920 x 2160 Top-and-Bottom 1920 x 1080 Full Passive / 2 projectors
1920 x 2205 Frame-Packing
1920 x 1080 Frame-Sequential
Low Quality Input
Source (Half HD 3D)
Low Quality Output
Display (Half HD 3D)
1920 x 1080 Side-by-Side 1920 x 1080 Line-by-Line Passive
1920 x 1080 Top-and-Bottom 1920x1080 Vertical-Stripe Passive
1920 x 1080 Line-by-Line 1920x1080 Checker-Board Passive
1920x1080 Vertical-Stripe
1920x1080 Checker-Board
2D Monitor

Perfect monitor should cover maximum area of your field of vision in order to acquire full immerse effect. Eye can extend field of vision by moving its fixation point 60° up, 75° down, 60° towards the nose, and 110° away from the nose. Basically, perfect aspect ratio would be 220°:135° ~= 1.63 ~= 16:10 Any monitor, which is not 16:10, will not cover your field of view evenly or display data outside of your field of view. It is not only waste of space and money, but waste of any content, placed there by the media creators. 21:9 aspect ratio monitors are marketing gimmick and waste of money. All that extra money could be invested more optimally by buying bigger 16:10 or 16:9 (perfect fit for HD television shows) monitor with higher resolution, in order to improve visual quality inside focus area of human eye (60° FOV). VR helmets with wireless controllers, like HTC Vive, is the future of the gaming. 3D monitors are obsolete now. It is better to invest money in 2D monitor with high resolution and colors and then in VR helmet, than in 3D monitor. Manufacturers can fit optics and displays into VR Helmets, which will cover full field of vision and double or triple quality/FPS by not wasting so many GPU resources on rendering objects in peripheral vision area. By using eye tracking, it would be possible to double or triple perceptual quality again with same GPU resources, because 60% of eye visual cortex is located inside just 10° FOV area (centre area of the eye with highest resolution). 3D projectors with big screens are still relevant (2016). The main drawback of most popular VR helmets is low screen resolution - 1080x1200 pixels per eye - you can clearly see pixels. (2016).

Some manufacturers mislead consumers by advertising 6-bit+FRC panels as "8-bit" ("16.7M colours"). AH-IPS panels can be 6-bit+FRC (simulated "8-bit"), 8-bit (true 8-bit), 8-bit+FRC (simulated "10-bit"), 10-bit (true 10-bit).

PC Monitor Market Share • IDC 2013-09-19 LCD Display Market Share • Amorphyx 2012-08-28
1. Dell 14.9%
2. Samsung 12.6%
3. HP 11.9%
4. LG 6.1%
5. Lenovo 9.1%

# others Asus, Ilyama, ViewSonic
1. LG 27%
2. Samsung 23%
3. ChiMei Innolux 20%
4. AU Optronics (BenQ) 16%
5. BOE 5%

# others 9% sharp, CPT

Detailed monitor reviews by TFT Central

Asus ROG SWIFT PG279Q review by TFT Central

2016-06AsusROG SWIFT PG279Q€820

• Size: 27"WS (68.6 cm)
• Panel Manufacturer: AU Optronics
• Panel Technology: AHVA ( IPS-type )
• Response Time: 4ms G2G
• Flicker-Free (PWM Free)
• Colour Depth: 16.7m (8-bit)
• NVIDIA G-sync (version 2) range: 30 - 165Hz
• Native Refresh Rate: 144Hz
• NVIDIA 3D Vision: Not supported
• Panel Module: M270Q008 V0
• Colour space coverage (%): ~sRGB, ~72% NTSC
• Panel Coating: Light AG coating
• Aspect Ratio: 16:9
• Interfaces: 1x DisplayPort 1.2a, 1x HDMI 1.4
• Resolution: 2560 x 1440
• Ergonomics: Tilt, 120mm height, rotate, swivel
• Static Contrast Ratio: 1000:1
• VESA Compatible: Yes 100mm
• Brightness: 350 cd/m2
• Viewing Angles: 178° / 178°
• Weight: 7.0Kg
• Backlight Technology: W-LED
• Dimensions with stand: (WxHxD) 620x553x238mm
• 2x USB 3.0, 2x 2W speakers, headphone port
• Motion Blur Technology: ULMB

Response Time + Input Lag
1-16ms / 1 frame - Small lag - should be fine for gamers, even at high levels
16-32ms / 1-2 frames - Moderate lag - should be fine for many gamers
32ms and more / 2 frames and more - Noticeable lag - not suitable for high end gaming
IPS (LG) • AHVA (AUO) • PLS (Samsung) panels TN panels (not recommended)
Slower response time (4 ... 16ms) Faster response time (1ms)
Better colors (8-10-bit) Worse colors (6-bit+FRC)
Better 178°/178° viewing angle Worse 170° / 160° Viewing Angle
High color shift angle. Low Color Shift Angle
120+Hz (3D) Monitors 27" 2560x1440 IPS / PLS About FRC ( TFT Central ) Panel Types
Panel Technologies Panel Database ( TFT Central ) About FRC ( Wikipedia ) 6-bit vs 8-bit

2014-01DellMSA14 Monitor Arm Stand€58

Adjustability for height, swivel, tilt, portrait/landscape orientations and viewing distance. It can easily be attached to Dell monitor panels with a simple snap to the VESA mount at the back of the monitor without the need for screws. By replacing the standard monitor base with an articulating Dell monitor arm, the space directly in front of the monitor is recovered and you will not need to strain to access work space on the desktop. When properly positioned, Dell monitor arm with integrated cable management feature, keeps your desktop neat, offering both enhanced ergonomics and improved space utilization.

Weight Range: 2.3 kg to 9.3 kg
Tilt Range: -35° to +80°
Swivel Range: 360° with upper link and at center joint
Rotation: Portrait to landscape
Depth Adjustment: 54.8 cm
Height Adjustment: 26.7 cm

Supports Dell Quick Release Monitor. One adapter provided for use with any VESA compliant monitor.

Package Contents: Single monitor arm (4 parts), Dell single monitor arm VESA® plate (1), 2 allen wrenches, thumbscrew, screws, spacers, documentation

Manufacturer Part: MH1HV
Dell Part: 482-10010

For Asus ROG SWIFT PG279Q monitor you will need:
M4 30mm high tensile black screws
M4 20mm black nylon spacers (if outer diameter is 8mm, you can add M8 spacers)
M8 20mm black nylon Spacers (15mm outer diameter)

Virtual Reality Helmet

Steam VR Games

Meta Quest 3 can be connected to PC through Wi-Fi 6E
TP-Link DECO Whole-Home Mesh Wi-Fi System

Wi-Fi 7 Wi-Fi 6E Wi-Fi 6 Wi-Fi 5
Launch date 2024 2021 2019 2013
IEEE standard 802.11be 802.11ax 802.11ax 802.11ac
Max data rate 46 Gbps 9.6 Gbps 9.6 Gbps 3.5 Gbps
Bands 2.4 GHz
5 GHz
6 GHz
2.4 GHz
5 GHz
6 GHz
2.4 GHz
5 GHz
5 GHz
2024-03 Wireless Lenses FOV H/V Resolution Price
Meta Quest 3 • USA Wi-Fi Pancake 108°/98° 2064 x 2208 x 2 €700
Other Manufacturers 2024-01
HTC Vive Pro 2 • Taiwan €420 Kit Fresnel 117°/96° 2448x2448 x 2 €1280
Bigscreen Beyond • USA Wired Fresnel 98°/89° 2560 x 2560 x 2 €1340
Valve Index • USA Wired Fresnel 108°/109° 1440x1600 x 2 €1080
Varjo Aero • Finland Wired Aspherical 111°/86° 2880 x 2720 x 2 €990
27" 3D Monitor (~0.5m) 62° 1920x1080 PF €500

2018-01WIDMOvr - PolandVR Headset Prescription Lens Inserts€68

2018-01VR Optician - GermanyVR Headset Prescription Lens Inserts€68

High quality lenses and coatings optimized for use in VR headsets. Every prescription lens gets individually calculated so that the base curve of the lens works with your VR headset and doesn't scratch it.


2024-01KIWI DesignComfort Head Strap for Meta Quest 3€35

52° detachable joint design, adjustable hinge allows you to easily flip up the headset.
Withstand over 10,000 bending and recovery cycles.
Memory foam cushion and the soft PU leather surface.
24 months warranty.

2024-01MetaQuest Active Straps for Touch Plus Controllers€45

Knuckle straps with attached battery doors for installation.
Made for Meta Quest Touch Plus controllers.
Woven nylon knuckle straps, metal anchor loop, plastic battery door.

2024-01AMVRUpgraded PU Leather Facial Interface for Quest 3€32

1 Silicone Light-Blocking Nose Guard
1 Breathable Ice Silk Cotton 0.63 inch(Extra surprises, new experiences)
1 Soft PU Leather Pad 0.63 inch
1 Breathable Facial Interface Frame
1 Protective Lens Cover

2024-01KIWI DesignLink Cable and Clips for Meta Quest 3€25

USB cable clips for stable headset-battery connection.

KIWI design customized cable clips. You can attach the link cable on the side strap of most third-party head straps, ensures for a better stable link connection.

USB 3.0 link cable (5m or 3m). High-speed data transfer capable of supporting up to 5 Gbps and up to 3A power, which can power your VR headset while in use. Also the charging speed depends on the output power.

2024-01UgreenUSB-C to USB-C Double Right Angle 100W Charging Cable€10

For headset-battery connection.

Length: 2m
Max Charging Power: 100W
Data Transfer Speed: 480Mbps
Connector Type: USB-C to USB-C (Double Right Angle)
Current Carrying Capacity: 5A (Max)
Supported Protocols: PD/PPS/BC1.2
Specification: USB2.0
Cable Material: TPE
Certification Standards: RoHS2.0 REACH SVHC

2024-01UgreenNexode 100W 20000mAh Power Bank€80

100W headset battery, capable of keeping the headset charged during gameplay.

1-Port Output
USB-C1 100W Max
USB-C2 30W Max
USB-A 22.5W Max
2-Port Output
USB-C1 65W Max, USB-C2 30W Max
USB-C1 65W Max, USB-A 22.5W Max
USB-C2 USB-A 20W Max
3-Port Output
USB-C1 65W Max, USB-C2 USB-A 20W Max
Fully charged in 2 hours with chargers above 65W.
Digital LED screen shows the remaining battery level, status.
20000mAh high capacity.
Weight 420g.

2024-01BagBaseBG42 Belt Bag€6

For battery.

600D Polyester
Adjustable webbing belt
Large main pocket
Zippered rear pocket
Dimensions: 38 x 14 x 8 cm
Capacity: 2.5 litres

2024-01JBLEndurance Peak 3 Wireless Earphones€85

For silent gameplay.

Driver size (mm): 10
Number of Microphones: 4
Dynamic frequency response range (Hz): 20 Hz - 20 kHz
Bluetooth version: 5.2
Charging case battery life (max hours) 40
Charging time (hours from empty) 2
Maximum play time (hours) 50
Maximum talk time (hours) 5.5

2D / 3D Glasses

2023-01XRealAir 2 Pro€515

Resolution: 1920x1080 x 2 (0.55-inch Sony micro-OLED displays)
Maximum refresh rate: 120 Hz
Connectivity: USB-C DisplayPort
Field of View: 46°

2D / “Active” 3D Projector
Brand QTY Market Share DTC Report Q308 UAECompany QTY Market Share DTC Report Q308
1. BenQ 16%
2. Epson 14%
3. Toshiba 9.2%
4. Optoma 8.4%
5. Sony 8%
6. Others 44.4%
1. Epson 24%
2. BenQ 9.6%
3. Sony 9.3%
4.Optoma 7.8%
5. Sanyo 7.7%
6. Others 41.8%

DLP Display System
Laser light source (20,000 hours of life)
Native image aspect ratio: 16:9
2D: Full HD 1080p (1920 x 1080). If projector supports 4K UHD (3840 × 2160) - even better
3D: At least Full HD 1080p (1920 x 1080)
~4000+ Lumens for 3D



Display technology: DLP
Resolution: 1080p Full HD (1920x1080)
Brightness: 4,000 lumens
Contrast ratio: 2,500,000:1
Native aspect ratio: 16:9
Displayable colours (millions): 1073.4
Screen size: 0.71m ~ 7.63m (28" ~ 300.3") diagonal
Light source type: Laser
LASER life: 30,000 hours

3D Low Quality Source High Quality Source
Side-by-Side 1920 x 1080i 50 / 60
1280 x 720p 50 / 60
Over-Under 1920 x 1080p 24
1280 x 720p 50 / 60
Frame-Sequential 1280 x 720p 50 / 60 1920 x 1080p 24

How to Watch 3D Movies

Windows operating system

NVIDIA Graphics card settings: NVIDIA Control Panel ► Manage 3D Settings ► Vertical sync: On.
Disable other displays: by pressing [Windows+P] keyboard keys, make "Optoma HZ40" projector as only one active display.

BD3D2MK3D (can convert movies from 3D Blu-Ray discs to 3D MKV video files)

5: Options and Go! ► AviSynth script options: Stereoscopy: [unchecked] Half - Side-by-Side.

SVP (can re-encode frame rate for Meta Quest 3 BigScreen or SkyBox players. For example, from, original 24 to smooth 72 frames)

"Video profiles" tab ► set target frame rate.
"Transcoding" tab ► set other settings.

Peter Wimmer 3DTV Stereoscopic Player (can play various source formats as high quality Frame-Sequential format)

Select correct video file source format: File ► Layout ► Side-by-Side, Over/Under, etc..
Convert video source to "Frame-Sequential 1920 x 1080p 24": View ► Viewing Method ► Software Pageflipping.

How to play 3D Blu-ray (you may need to mount *.iso file first, to see files and folders, if it is 3D Blu-ray ISO file).

Optoma HZ40 projector

Menu ► 3D ► 3D Tech ► DLP-Link (with DBenQ DGD5 V2 3D DLP-Link Glasses).
Menu ► 3D ► 3D Format ► Frame Sequential.

"Active" 3D Projector Glasses

2021-01BenQDGD5 V2 3D Glasses€59

Benq 5J.J9H25.002 stereoscopic 3D glasses
Compatible with DLP-Link 3D technology
Contrast 1200:1
Range: 8 m
Built-in rechargeable battery
Battery life up to 30 hours

Projection Screens

Optoma • Elite ScreensProjection ScreensComparison Table

Elite Screens Screen Materials

2014-01Elite ScreensSpectrum 2€245+

If you buy projector with native image aspect ratio 16:9... your screen's aspect ratio also should be 16:9.

Spectrum 2 Electric Projection Screen Features:

• MaxWhite FG screeen material with fiber-glass backing ensures the flattest possible non-tensioned surface.
• 1.1 Gain screen material is flat, durable, easy to clean and mildew resistant.
• 180 degree wide-viewing angle for commerical and residential presentations.
• 4 side black masking borders enhance contrast ratio and avoid overscan from projector.
• Black backing on material for sharper picture and clarity.
• Available in diagonal sizes ranging from 90" - 165".
• Two aspect ratios to choose from 4:3 and 16:9.
• Flame Retardant: Complies with NFPA 701 Standards.
• 3-way integrated up/stop/down control switch.
• Tubular motor allows swift operation with a superior weight tolerance and operational lifespan.
• Optional remote control kit (Part # ZPM-RT).
• Streamlined aluminum casing with white enamel coating is moisture resistant.
• Floating mount brackets allow easy alignment for a wall or ceiling installation.
• Ships fully assembled with standard 3-prong power connection ready to Plug & Play.
• GREENGUARD® Indoor Air Quality and GREENGUARD® Children & Schools Certified.
• 2-year Parts & Labor warranty.

2012-02Peter Wimmer3DTV Stereoscopic Player€39

3D movie player. It allows you to play stereoscopic videos and DVDs (external decoder required) and also allows you to watch live video from a capture device. Since it is based on DirectShow, it can handle almost any media format, for example AVI, MPEG, WMV, ASF and MOV. Videos can be coded in several different stereoscopic formats.

Supported stereo layouts Supported viewing methods
Interlaced (Field-Sequential)
Side by Side
Multi-View (Tiled)
SIS Attachment
Picture in Picture
Dual Screen Output
StereoBright™ 2
Software Pageflipping
NVIDIA 3D Vision
AMD HD3D (requires Windows Vista or better)
Intel Stereo Driver (requires Windows 7 or better)
Quad Buffered DirectX (requires Windows 8 or better)
Quad Buffered OpenGL 3
Sharp 3D Display
3D Enabled DLP-TV
Tridelity SL Series 3D Displays
Tridelity MV Series 3D-Displays
Generic Single-Viewer Displays
Generic Multi-Viewer Displays
Oculus Rift (headtracking is not supported yet)
SIS Attachment 4
Side by Side
Side by Side for 3D-TVs
Over/Under for 3D-TVs
Row Interlaced
Column Interlaced
True Anaglyph Red - Blue
True Anaglyph Red - Green
Gray Anaglyph Red - Cyan
Gray Anaglyph Yellow - Blue
Gray Anaglyph Green - Magenta
Half Color Anaglyph Red - Cyan
Half Color Anaglyph Yellow - Blue
Half Color Anaglyph Green - Magenta
Color Anaglyph Red - Cyan
Color Anaglyph Yellow - Blue
Color Anaglyph Green - Magenta
Optimized Anaglyph Red - Cyan
Optimized Anaglyph Yellow - Blue
Optimized Anaglyph Green - Magenta
3D Camcorder • Camera
FujiFilm FinePix REAL 3D W3

2011-01FujiFilmFinePix REAL 3D W3€330

Number of effective pixels *1 10.0 megapixels

3D Still image: MPO+JPEG, MPO (Multi Picture Format compatible)

2D Still image: JPEG (Exif Ver 2.3 *3) (Design rule for Camera File system compliant / DPOF-compatible)

3D Movie: 3D-AVI (Stereo AVI format with 2 image channels)

2D Movie: AVI format (Motion JPEG with stereo sound)



2019-08LogitechMX KEYS€109

Actuation distance: 1.3 mm
Total travel distance: 1.8 mm (Source)

• Connect via the included USB receiver or Bluetooth low energy technology.
• Easy-switch keys to connect up to three devices and easily switch between them.
• 10 meters wireless range.
• Hand proximity sensors that turn the backlighting on.
• Ambient light sensors that adjust backlighting brightness.
• USB-C rechargeable. Full charge lasts 10 days – or 5 months with backlighting off.
• On/Off power switch.
• Caps Lock and Battery indicator lights.
• Compatible with Logitech Flow enabled mouse.


2019-08LogitechG915 Lightspeed€232

Low-Profile GL Mechanical Switches
Actuation distance: 1.5 mm
Total travel distance: 2.6 mm (Source)

2.6 mm key travel distance difference between Logitech MX KEYS (1.3 mm - scissor switch keys) and Corsair K70 (3.9 mm - mechanical keys) may not look a lot, but your fingers must travel not only DOWN, but UP too and over edges of keycaps, in order not to stumble on keys, when you move your fingers across keyboard. Total finger travel distance is... (key travel distance + key indentation) x 2:

2.6+ mm for Logitech MX KEYS
7.8+ mm for Corsair K70

Name • Source Name Actuation Travel Force
Logitech Low Profile Scissor (MX KEYS) Scissor 1.3 mm 1.3 mm 50-64 g
Logitech Low-Profile GL Linear (G915) Mechanical 1.5 mm 2.6 mm 50 g
Logitech ROMER-G Tactile (G512) Mechanical 2.0 mm 3.9 mm 45 g
Logitech PerfectStrole Scissor (K800) Scissor 2.2 mm 3.1 mm
CHERRY MX Speed Mechanical 1.2 mm 3.4 mm 45 g
CHERRY MX (Corsair K70) Mechanical 2.0 mm 4.0 mm 45-60 g
Razer Mechanical Mechanical 1.9 mm 4.0 mm 55 g
Razer Opto-Mechanical Opto-Mechanical 1.5 mm 3.0 mm 45 g
GX Blue Mechanical 1.9 mm 4.0 mm 60 g
SteelSeries QS1 (M800) 1.5 mm 3.0 mm 45 g
SteelSeries Topre  2.0 mm 4.0 mm 30-55 g
Cooler Master 1.0 mm 4.0 mm 45 g
Bloody 1.5 mm 3.5 mm 45 g
Bloody Libra 1.5 mm 3.0 mm 45 g
Roccat Titan Mechanical 1.8 mm 3.6 mm
Roccat Agile 1.5 mm 3.5 mm 45 g
Roccat Slim 1.0 mm 3.0 mm 50 g
Matias 2.2 mm 3.5 mm 60 g
Kailh / Kaihua Mechanical 2.0 mm 4.0 mm 50-60 g

Noise (dBA): Mechanical keyboards are uncomfortable, overrated and annoyingly loud (Corsair K70 42.6 dBA) even with O-Ring switch dampeners (Corsair K70 with 40A-R O-Rings 37.8 dBA). It is nearly impossible to use them with voice-activated chat during online gaming sessions or around other people in quiet environments like bedrooms. People will hate you for all that noise. They also ruin immersiveness of quiet scenes in games and when you need to hear hints of sounds, like faint steps behind you. To avoid negative effects on sleep, sound pressure level should not exceed 30 dBA (Nigh Noise Guidelines for Europe by World Health Organization).

Actuation and travel distances (mm): Long key travel distances in mechanical keyboards (~4 mm x down+up = ~8 mm) feels inferior by comparison with scissor-switch keyboards (~2 mm x down+up = ~4 mm). Mechanical keyboard manufacturers know about this and some of them brag, how they reduced it by 25% and how faster it is now. Thin scissor-switch keyboards are twice as fast as mechanical, because even, when key actuates at the same ~2 mm distance, release is instant. Long travel distances and no soft cushion in mechanical keyboards results in hurt fingers after longer gaming sessions, because of frequent attempts to reach contact point as fast as possible, which means hitting key's bottom quite hard. Playing intensive games is not like playing some slow, peaceful and calming piano music. If you want to buy mechanical keyboard “for gaming”, you should try it first. Finger travel... DOWN + UP + over edges of keycaps:

Logitech MX KEYS • Scissor • Noise 24.7 dBA • Actuation 1.3 mm • Down+Up travel distance 2.1 x 2 = 4.2 mm.
Corsair K70 • Mechanical • Noise 42.6 dBA• Actuation 1.9 mm • Down+Up travel distance 4.0 x 2 = 8.0 mm.

LED Illumination (White vs RGB). Scissor swich keyboards usually use White LEDs for backlight illumination. Mechanical “gaming” keyboards usually use RGB LEDs. You can set different colours for different keys with RGB LEDs, but you will not be able to set pleasant and evenly white illumination for whole keyboard. There will be noticeable and inferior looking colour distortions. To achieve even and similar white light quality, mechanical keyboards should use RGBW LEDs.

2014-08WASDO-Ring Switch Dampeners€15

0.4mm Reduction - Blue
0.2mm Reduction - Red

"Bottoming out" is a term used to describe when a key stroke is pressed all the way down, where the stem of the switch hits the inside of the switch casing. This causes a "clack" from the collision on mechanical keyboards. Switch sound dampeners are soft rubber O-rings that can be installed onto every single keycap stem to cushion the landing of the switch by stopping the key stroke just short of the point of bottoming out. This also very slightly reduces the max travel distance of the switch. (0.2-0.4mm of 4mm total travel distance. Varies by O-ring type.) This modification is popular among mechanical keyboard owners from around the world. Since most people will bottom out at least a fraction of their keystrokes, the switch sound dampeners will cut away extra noise giving your mechanical keyboard a consistent sound output while typing. The added shock absorption can also help with finger fatigue during long typing sessions. Made of industrial grade EPDM rubber which has much better resistance to cracking and tearing than nitrile or silicon rubber. Fits firmly onto the stem of Cherry MX keycap.


2009-02LogitechG13 Gameboard€68

Naturally contoured design: Follows the natural shape of your hand and fingers for increased comfort during long sessions.

Large, concave buttons: Let you locate buttons by touch on the home row.

Solid, stable design: Helps assure that your gameboard will keep up when your game gets intense. Strategically placed feet. Stable weight (650 g.).

Twenty-five programmable keys: Customise keys to suit your style of play.

Quick macros: Assign complex actions to single keystrokes—on the fly.

Programmable mini-joystick: Maneuver quickly and easily. The control you need is under your thumb.

Backlit keys: Let you easily locate the right key in low-light conditions or lights-out play. Plus, you can customise the keys with any backlight color that you want.

Onboard memory: Saves your profiles so you can take your personal preferences with you.

Portable design: Keeps the game going wherever you go.

High-visibility GamePanel™ LCD: Gather tactical information, including live stats, system info, and communications from fellow players.

Public software development kit (SDK): Upload the latest enhancements developed exclusively for GamePanel™ by the Logitech open-source community.


Full mechanical keys with 50g actuation force

20 fully programmable keys

Programmable 8-way directional thumb-pad

Adjustable hand, thumb, and palm-rests modules for maximum comfort

Instantaneous switching between 8 key maps

Unlimited macro lengths

Razer™ Synapse 2.0 Enabled

Backlit keypad for total control even in dark conditions

Unlimited customizable profiles via Razer Synapse 2.0

Approximate size: 55 mm / 2.17” (Depth) x 154 mm / 6.06” (Width) x 202 mm / 7.95” (Height)

2013-08AzeronGaming Keypad€160

Programmable analog stick
26 programmable keys
Adjustable ergonomics
5 way directional switch
16 colors & different color combos
Nameplate up to 8 characters
Mirrored option for lefties

Gaming Mouse

2020-05LogitechG604 Lightspeed€74

15 programmable buttons
Sensor: HERO™ 16K
Resolution: 100 – 16,000 DPI
Zero smoothing/acceleration/filtering
LIGHTSPEED Wireless report rate: 1000 Hz (1ms)
1 AA rechargeable battery
Bluetooth report rate: 88-133 Hz (7.5-11.25 ms)
LIGHTSPEED mode: up to 240 hours (non-stop gaming)
Bluetooth mode: up to 5.5 months (standard usage)
Dual mode hyper-fast scroll wheel
Onboard memory
Mechanical Button Tensioning System
2 - Year Warranty

Windows mouse settings...

Extra mouse buttons: Proper gaming mouse is like HOTAS Joystick, it allows you to keep left hand on movement keys (W,A,S,D,SHIFT,SPACE) at all times, while performing most basic FPS functions (shoot, aim down sight, throw grenade, melee attack, crouch, prone, draw side gun, ...). This requires more than 5 buttons. True gaming mouse must have at least same amount of action buttons as a standard gaming controller which is 14 (A, B, C, D, LS, RS, LT, RT, LB, RB, D-PAD Up, D-PAD Right, D-PAD Down, D-PAD Left). Logitech G700s with 13 programmable buttons comes very close to perfection. Extra buttons is exactly, what makes mouse a "gaming mouse", because extra buttons gives advantage over other players. Of course, higher DPI, faster pool rate, memory profiles and scripting makes mouse a "gaming mouse" too.

DPI and muscle memory: It is important to make sure, that mouse sensitivity in Windows is the same as in the Game, because it allows you to move windows cursor to a specific location or move in-game target onto the enemy without conscious effort.

DPI higher than 6400 is mostly a marketing gimmick, because many games does not support DPI higher than 3200. You can use low sensitivity settings and 10.8 inches swipe on the mouse pad to turn 360 degrees in the game. Sensitivity of 1600 DPI is most convenient for that now:

In Windows:

a) Open Control Panel -> Mouse -> [Pointer Options] tab and
b) Set pointer speed at marker 3 (11 markers: from 0 to 10)

In game:

1. Most games allow to set 360° Turn = 10.8" swipe.
2. With 80° in-game Field on View (FOV) and 1920 pixel wide monitor it allows to shift in-game world with 1/2 pixel precision exactly. This gives two advantages in FPS games:
a) Partly removes "pixel snapping" effect and results in smooth and high quality precision movement when sniping far away targets, which occupies 1-2 pixels on the screen.
b) Removes the need to use medium or long-range scopes in FPS games when using high precision weapons, when aiming at far away targets, because "pixel snapping" is no longer screws precision and forces you to miss.

Use website to convert distance (10.8") and mouse DPI (1600) into in-game sensitivity value.

Left-Hand gaming Mouse

2022-01RazerViper Ultimate€80

2015-01RoccatKova Aimo€60

2022-01SteelSeriesSensei Ten€53

2018-10LogitechG903 LIGHTSPEED€104

Part number: 910-005673
7-11 programmable buttons
Sensor: HERO 25K
Resolution: 100-25,600 dpi
POWERPLAY compatible
LIGHTSPEED Wireless technology
Battery life with lighting: 140 hours
Battery life without lighting: 180 hours
Right- or left-handed ambidextrous design
USB report rate: 1000Hz (1ms)
Wireless report rate: 1000Hz (1ms)
2-Year Limited Hardware Warranty

Length: 130 mm
Width: 67 mm
Height: 40 mm
Weight: 110 g
Optional extra weight: 10 g
Cable length (charging): 1.8 m

2013-08RazerNaga Left Hand€80

Total of 19 MMO optimized programmable buttons
12 button mechanical thumb grid
Tilt click scroll wheel
8200dpi 4G laser sensor
Razer Synapse 2.0 enabled
Green LED backlighting
1000Hz Ultrapolling
Up to 200 inches per second /50g acceleration
Zero-acoustic Ultraslick mouse feet
7 foot/2.1m braided fibre cable
Length: 119mm
Width: 75mm
Height: 43mm
Weight: 135g


2017-09LogitechPowerplay Mouse Pad€99+

Width: 344 mm
Depth: 321 mm
Charging surface thickness: 2 mm
Cloth Mouse Pad thickness: 2 mm
Hard Mouse Pad thickness: 3 mm

• Innovative new Powerplay continuous wireless charging technology.
• Continuously charges wireless gaming mice while in gaming use.
• Powercore module converts compatible mice.
• Integrated Lightspeed wireless receiver.
• Choice of two surfaces – soft or hard (G440) gaming mouse pads.
• Works with Logitech G703 and G903 Gaming Mice

2013-11LogitechG440 Hard Mouse Pad€28

Width: 340 mm
Depth: 280 mm
Thickness: 3 mm

G440 features a low friction, hard polymer surface ideal for high DPI gaming, improving mouse control and precise cursor placement. Consistent surface texture can improve sensor performance, especially when used with Logitech G gaming sensors. And the rubber base and hard polymer core help maintain stability.

Note: Very thin mouse pads with hard surface and no soft padding, such as the “Razer Sphex V3 Ultra-Thin Gaming Mouse Mat”, are not suitable for use with voice-activated chat during online gaming sessions or around other people in quiet environments like bedrooms.

USB Switch

2022-01Cable MattersUSB 3.0 Switch€62

2017-09UGreenUSB 3.0 Switch (30768)€16

Switches fast (1s) between systems in comparison with some other USB switches.

• Shares up to 4 USB 3.0 peripheral devices between two systems.
• Switches between systems via push button.
• 2x USB 3.0 A female for PC.
• 4x USB 3.0 A female for USB peripheral devices.
• Plug-n-play, no drivers needed.
• Backwards compatible with USB 2.0/1.1
• LEDs indicating the active computer.
• LEDs are not distracting and blinding in the dark, like on some other USB switches.
• Micro USB 5V port (optional) for power hungry devices.
• Supports data transfer rates of up to 5Gbs.


1. BEST - DIRECT Drive (~€600+) • Logitech, Fanatec, Simucube
2. AVERAGE - BELT Drive (~€400+) • Thrustmaster
3. WORST - GEAR Drive (~€250+) • Logitech

2023-01LogitechPro Racing DD11 Wheel Base€750

• 11 Nm of force.
• Ports: USB connection to PC, USB peripheral, Power.

2023-01LogitechPro Racing GT D RIM Wheel€300

• PRO “thumb sweep” button layout.
• Magnetic gear-shift paddles.
• Dual clutch paddles.
• Easy quick release.

2023-01LogitechPro Racing Pedals€390

• Load cell brake.
• Fully customizable design.
• Swappable springs.
• Contactless hall effect sensors.
• Removable pedal modules.

2020-06FanatecCSL DD (5 NM) Wheel Base€350

• CSL DD (5 Nm peak torque) Wheel Base.
• Optional Boost Kit 180 (sold separately) unlocks maximum strength (8 Nm peak torque).
• High-resolution (contactless) Hall-position-sensor.
• Fanless - wheel base housing is made from aluminium (passive heat sink).
• VRotation: 2520 degrees (electronically limited, adjustable).
• Slip ring system provides cable-free delivery of power and data to steering wheels.
• Automotive-grade quick release, exchangeable.
• Ports: Power, USB-C to PC / console, DataPort-C, Shifter 1, Shifter 2, Pedal, Handbrake.

2020-06FanatecCSL Elite Steering Wheel WRC€200

• 300 mm diameter.
• Tool-free QR1 Lite Wheel-Side design.
• Three-digit LED display.
• Shifter paddles.
• Brushed aluminium spokes with fibre-reinforced back cover.
• Xbox One button layout.
• 4-way direction pad with push button.

2020-06FanatecCSL Pedals LC€200

• Three-pedal set (clutch, brake, throttle).
• All-metal construction (excluding pedal faces).
• Contactless Hall sensors (12-bit) on both clutch and throttle.
• USB or RJ12 connection.

2022-01LogitechG923 Driving Force Wheel with Pedals€300

• 900-degree steering.
• Dual-motor force feedback.
• Throttle, brake and clutch pedals.
• Helical gearing with anti-backlash.
• Hall-effect steering sensor.
• Real leather.
• Stainless steel.

2022-01LogitechDriving Force Shifter€60

• Designed to work with G923/G920/G29 Driving Force Racing Wheels.
• To pair with Logitech Pro Racing Wheel you will need Logitech G Racing Adapter.
• Six speeds with push-down reverse gear.
• Steel and leather components for comfort and durability.
• Mounts securely to a racing rig.

Joystick • HOTAS


2016-01ThrustmasterHotas Warthog€328

2014-04CHFighterstick USB€100

• Three axis and 24 buttons
– X, Y and Z for aileron, elevator and throttle control
– three traditional push buttons, three 4-way hat switches, one 8-way POV hat switch and one mode switch button
• Total of 128 programmable functions with Control Manager software (included)
• Three color mode indicator LED's on base
• Stylized F-16 handle
• Dual rotary trim wheels for precise adjustment of ailerons and elevators
• Side throttle wheel
• Large, sturdy base with non-slide feet
• Plug and Play driverless USB installation with 7 foot USB cable for both PC and Macintosh
• Compatible with Windows 98, 2000, XP, Vista, 7, 8 and Mac OSX

2014-04CHPro Throttle USB€115

• Three axis and 24 buttons
• X and Y axis on miniature joystick and Z axis on accurate throttle sliding motion
• 3 Traditional push button, 1 mode switch button, 3 4-way directional hat and 1 8-way POV hat switch
• Total of 176 programmable functions with Control Manager software (included)
• Three color mode indicator LED's on base
• Ergonomic left handed H.O.T.A.S. design with forward and back slide motion
• Large, sturdy base with non-skid feet
• Plug and Play driverless USB installation with 7 foot USB cable for both PC and Macintosh
• Compatible with Windows 98, 2000, XP, Vista, 7, 8 and Mac OSX

2014-04CHPro Pedals USB€90

• 3 axis of control, X & Y axis for left and right toe brake control and Z axis for self centering sliding mechanism for rudder control

• Realistic heel-toe differential brake control
• Locking rudder axis for gas/brake emulation for racing games
• Large, sturdy base with 7 foot USB cable
• Plug and Play driverless USB installation for both PC and Macintosh
• Compatible with Windows 98, 2000, XP, Vista, 7, 8 and Mac OS

Audio Interface / Sound Card


24-Bit/192 kHz AD/DA converter
2 Microphone preamps with individually switchable +48 V phantom power on each
2 Line inputs: 6.3 mm XLR/Jack combo (switchable to Hi-Z instrument input)
2 Balanced line inputs: 6.3 mm Jack
4 Balanced line outputs: 6.3 mm Jack
4 Unbalanced outputs: RCA
Stereo headphone output: 6.3 mm Jack
MIDI input/output
Loopback feature
LCD level meter

Sound Card

2014-02CreativeUSB Omni Surround 5.1€65

Max Channel Output
5.1 Channels

Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)

Connectivity Options
(Main) Headphone Out: 1 x 3.5mm jack
Line Out : 2 x RCA jacks (Front Out) 1 x 3.5mm ( Rear L/R ) 1 x 3.5mm (C / Sub)
Microphone In: 1 x 3.5mm jack
Line In: 1 x 3.5mm jack
Optical Out: 1 x TOSLINK

Headphone Amp
Up to 600 Ohms

Audio Technologies
SBX Pro Studio, CrystalVoice, Scout Mode, Dolby Digital Live Encoding

2021-01CreativeSound Blaster AE-7€198

Headphone Amp: Ultra-low 1Ω headphone output impedance, supports 16Ω to studio-grade headphones of up to 600Ω, including high-end planar-magnetic headphones.

Surround Sound and Encoding: 5.1 discrete surround for speakers, 7.1 virtual surround for headphones, Dolby Digital Live, DTS Connect Encoding, and Sound Blaster Surround Virtualization.

Audio Control Module: Volume control knob, 6.3 mm and 3.5 mm mic and headphones I/O connectors, fitted with a built-in mic array.

DAC: ESS SABRE-class 9018
THD + N: Up to -120 dB, 0.0001% (DAC)
ACM: Yes
ASIO SUPPORT: 2.3, Playback and Recording
ENCODING: Dolby Digital Live / DTS
3 x 3.5 mm 5.1 Line-out
1 x TOSLINK Optical-out
1 x 3.5 mm Headphone Out
1 x 3.5 mm Mic / Line-in

Multi-Speaker 5.1 or 7.1 Surround Headphones

For 2.0 (2 audio chanels) source: stereo headphones, like Sennheiser HD 560S with 2 bigger and more expensive speakers are better, than multi-speaker headphones with 10 small speakers. If you have to choose between stereo and multi-speaker headphones... buy stereo headphones.

For 5.1 (6 audio chanels) or 7.1 (8 audio chanels) source: multi-speaker headphones, like Roccat Kave XTD 5.1 Digital, with 10 speakers (5 for each ear), enhanced with surround sound algorithms, provided by sound cards/amplifiers, like Creative Sound Blaster ZxR, can produce much clearer and better surround sound than stereo headphones with all 8 channels merged into only 2 channels/speakers (virtual surround).

If you had chance to listen 5.1 music, like Jean Michel Jarre - Aero DTS 5.1 (2004), through good multi-speaker 5.1 or 7.1 headphones and through stereo headphones with virtual 5.1 or 7.1 enabled, you can notice immediately, that sounds are more clear and pleasant in multi-speaker headphones and more mashed, like indistinguishable chaos, in stereo headphones with virtual 5.1 or 7.1 enabled. Unfortunately, all multi-speaker 5.1 or 7.1 headphones still (2016) have issues with comfort, build and stereo sound quality (also, because of small and cheap speakers) and, therefore, are on the edge of wasting money even for 5.1 or 7.1 audio content.

5.1 Multi-Speaker headphones: Roccat Kave XTD 5.1, Zalman ZM-RS6F, Tritton Pro+ 5.1, Cyber Snipa Sonar 5.1, Psyko 5.1, CM Sirus 5.1

Advice on buying 5.1 Headphones - these requirements will narrow your choice significantly:

Must have 4 (5.1) or 5 (7.1) real speakers on each side.
• Must have external volume control - front, rear, centre, vibration.
• Must have subwoofer vibration.
• Must have soft, thick and wide headband cushion since 8 speakers have extra weight.
• Must have soft circumaural cushion - an earphone cushion that completely surrounds the auricle (ear).
• Can be plugged directly into Creative SoundBlaster in order to use its latest EAX technology.
• Must have USB cable or external amplifier to power subwoofers vibration properly.

Some notes about other headphones and headsets:

• SpeedLink Medusa NX 5.1 Surround Headset: Ear pads are too thin. Have weak points in construction.
• Razer Tiamat 7.1: Low quality sound and build.
• Kinyo KY-100 5.1: Sounds good.
• Turtle Beach Ear Force HPA: Extremely uncomfortable. Push on your ears so it hurts.
• Turtle Beach EarForce X-51: Nothing special. Not comfortable.
• Zalman ZM-RS6F 5.1: Have no bass.

PS: Don't forget to use Control Panel and setup your speakers to 5.1 channels. Also set sample rate to at least "24-bit, 44100 Hz (Studio Quality)". If you hear hiss when no audio plays then try to mute your microphone playback volume (keep recording volume non-muted). If hiss is still present then check devices on your desk (like daylight lamp) which could create interference. Turn of these devices or try to move them away from audio cables or amplifiers.

Virtual 5.1 OR 7.1 Surround (5.1 OR 7.1 Sound Card and 2.0 Headphones) Sample audio

To simulate 5.1 or 7.1 Surround Sound on 2.0 headphones you can pair...

Creative Sound Blaster with SBX Pro Studio Surround

Virtual surround sound evolution... X-Fi CMSS-3D > THX TruStudio Pro > SBX Pro Studio ...recreates realistic surround sound from any audio source whether you are using multichannel speakers or headphones. X-Fi CMSS-3D Setup: Windows 7 Playback (Speakers: 5.1 Surround, Sample rate: 48000 Hz), SoundBlaster Audio Control Panel (Speakers: Headphones, X-Fi CMSS-3D: Enabled). SBX Pro Studio Surround Setup: Select 5.1 from windows control panel and enable SBX (you will need to use headphone out and select headphones through sound blaster CP). In stereo mode, just disable SBX. It doesn't have the data from rear channels so the position would sound just weird. If you don't play games and only listen to music, disable SBX and select 2.0.

Reference Audio Analyzer ProCompare Headphones (Graphs)RTings

Headphones or headset must have DETACHABLE cable.
VELOUR padding is more comfortable than LEATHER padding.
OPEN back headphones sound better, but leak sound in/out.
CLOSED back headphones sound worse, but don't leak sound in/out as much.

“Open-back” headphones sound more natural and have wider sound-stage than “closed-back” headphones. But they leak sound to environment. When you are sharing space with other people, you should use “closed” type.

Note: New HD 559 are not successor or better version of old HD 558. HD 559 have the same specifications as old HD 518 (14 - 26000 Hz), sound bassier and not as good as old HD 558.

2020-11SennheiserHD 560S (open)€160

Impedance: 120 Ω
Frequency response: 6 - 38000 Hz (-10 dB)
Sound pressure level (SPL): 110 dB (1 kHz / 1 V RMS)
THD, total harmonic distortion: < 0.05 % (1 kHz / 90 dB SPL)
Jack plug: 6.35 mm (with 6.3 mm to 3.5 mm adapter)
Detachable cable: 3m
Transducer principle: dynamic, open
Weight w/o cable: 240 g
Ear pad material: Velour

2013-11AbletHD 5x8 1.2m Cable€12

Not as flexible, as original cable by Sennheiser, but more reliable.

Cable: 1.2m
Jack 1: 2.5mm twist-lock
Jack 2: 3.5mm standard
3.5mm to 6.3mm jack adaptor

2013-11SennheiserHD 5x8 1.2m Cable€10

Sennheiser HD 5x8 series detachable 1.2m audio cable (572274, 505638).

Cable: 1.2m
Jack 1: 2.5mm twist-lock
Jack 2: 3.5mm standard

Volume Control

2020-01BehringerPM1 Volume Control€21

In-ear monitor belt-pack for personal monitor applications
High quality volume control
XLR input with locking mechanism
3.5 mm mini jack headphones connector
Convenient belt-pack clip included
"Built-like-a-tank", impact-resistant metal chassis

You can connect PM1 with XLR cable


2021-01Neutrik Audio Connectors

NC3MX - old version connector
NC3MXX - new version connector - comparison video


2020-01CordialCPM 5 MVThomann€18

Behringer PM1 Volume Control can be connected to Behringer Powerplay PRO-8 HA8000 8-channel headphones mixing and distribution amplifier.

Item: 11053
Length: 5m
Plug 1: NEUTRIK XLR male 3-pole
Plug 2: NEUTRIK 1/4" Plug stereo
Cable: CMK 222

2017-01SpeaKa4-Way Audio Switch€21

2017-01AVO3-Way Audio Switch€21

2017-01AVO4-Way Audio Switch€23

Ground wires in SpeaKa, AVO and many other switches are connected together. Maybe this works perfectly in theory, but in reality this often creates audio noise. You should buy your own 2 (or 3) position, 3 pole (non-shorting / break-before-make) rotary switch (Grayhill, Alpha, etc.) and replace it to fix the problem. Noname Chinese rotary switches usually are made from softer metals and after several dozen switches lose switching smoothness.

Belden 3.5 mm Chassis Mount Stereo Jack Socket
Lumberg 3.5 mm Panel Mount Stereo Jack Socket

1U 19" empty rack mount case (case) (panels) (connectors)
10-15 poles 2-6 positions rotary switch (Mouser)

Headphones Amplifier for "Silent cinema"

2012-10BehringerPowerplay PRO-8 HA8000€105

8-Channel High-Power Headphones Mixing and Distribution Amplifier.

• Professional multi-purpose headphones amplifier system for stage and studio applications
• Highest sonic quality with virtually all types of headphones even at maximum volume
• 8 totally independent stereo high-power amplifier sections in one rack space
• 2 stereo Main inputs for two independent mixes, accessible from all 8 output channels
• 8 independent Direct inputs provide up to 8 individual stereo mixes
• Output level control and accurate 8-digit LED output meter per channel
• Mono/stereo switch per channel for more flexibility
• 1 front and 1 rear TRS phones connector per channel
• Direct input connector on each channel for easy connection of any sound source
• Parallel Main outputs allow cascading of several headphones amplifiers
• Toroidal transformer for noiseless operation and low magnetic interference


• Five AUX ports for attaching headphones or auxiliary cables.
• One hard-wired auxiliary cable for connecting to devices.
• Mixing and fade-ins controlled by the standard controls of each connected device.
• Works with any device with an AUX port.
• 1-Year Limited Warranty.

Package Includes:

5-port Audio RockStar
3.5mm to 3.5mm AUX cable

Wireless Audio for "Silent cinema"

End-to-end audio latencies: aptX Low Latency (~40ms), KLEER (~45ms), aptX (~165ms), SBC (~220ms)

Audio to video synchronization tolerances – Sound delayed + Sound advanced
Recommended - 1998 - ITU BT.1359 30 ms 22.5 ms
Recommended - 2003 - ATSC IS/191 45 ms 15 ms
Recommended - 2007 - EBU R37 60 ms 40 ms
Thresholds - ITU-R BT.1359 - Undetectable 100 ms 25 ms
Thresholds - ITU-R BT.1359 - Detectable 125 ms 45 ms
Thresholds - ITU-R BT.1359 - Becomes unacceptable 185 ms 90 ms
Kleer Wireless Audio


• Comfort and sound of wireless Sennheiser RS headphones are not as good as wired HD 560S.
KLEER digital models have audio latency ~45 ms.
• Up to (channels) systems can potentially operate in the same area with no issues (2400-2483.5 MHz range).

SennheiserKleer Headphones

Notes for previous Sennheiser RS 160 model: Transmitter doesn't charge batteries. Connecting two transmitters to one power source (charger) through split cable can lead to loud hiss in audio signal.

Model RS 165 RS 175 RS 185 RS 195
Price 130 EUR 200 EUR 320 EUR 350 EUR
Acoustic type closed closed open closed
Operating range 30m 100m 100m 100m
Transmitter supports headphones 2 2 2 1
Frequency response 18-21000Hz 17-22000Hz 17-22000Hz 17-22000Hz
Operating channels ? ? ? ?
AptX Low Latency Wireless Audio

CSRaptX® Low Latency Products • Original Manufacturers

Bluetooth end-to-end audio latencies: aptX Low Latency (~40ms), aptX (~165ms), SBC (~220ms)

Both transmitter and receiver must support aptX-LL in order to have ~40ms audio latency.

Stereos: “The reason why the latency of aptX is so much lower than with other codecs is because they are frame-based, whereas aptX is sample-based. With a frame-based codec, an entire data frame (containing the core audio samples plus the information about how to unpack them) must be received and loaded into a memory buffer before it can be decoded. In comparison, while aptX does use data frames, the decoder can begin its work as soon as it starts receiving samples, rather than waiting for the rest of the data in the frame to arrive.”

• Compression ratio: 4:1
• Audio Format: 16-bit, 44.1kHz (CD-Quality)
• Data Rates: 352Kbit/s
• Frequency Response: 10Hz– 20kHz
• Algorithmic Delay: <1.89ms @ Fs 48KHzAlgorithmic + Bluetooth delay: 32ms
• Dynamic Range: 96dB
• THD+N: -68.8dB

2017-09AvantreeAudiplex 2403s Transmitter (1) and Receivers (3)€140

Compressed and then decompressed wireless sound is not as good as through wires, but it is acceptable for silent cinema, if you want to avoid inconveniences with cables.

Latency / Audio Delay: ≤30ms
Multiple Receivers or Wireless Headphones: up to 100
Operating Range: up to 30m

Frequency Response: 20Hz - 20kHz
Wireless Technology: 2.4GHz
Battery: 450mAH lithium battery
Charging Time: 1.5hrs
Music Play Time: 4hrs for TX (Transmitter), 7hrs for RX (Receiver)
Support Audio Ports: Optical, 3.5mm, RCA

Transmitter x 1
Receiver x 3

USB A to Type C Charging Cable X 1 (1.5M/5FT)
3 in 1 USB A to Type C Charging Cable X 1 (60CM/2FT)
Optical Audio Cable X 1 (1.5M/5FT)
AUX 3.5mm Audio Cable X 1 (1.5M/5FT)
AUX 3.5mm to RCA Audio Cable X 1 (35CM/1FT)
AUX 3.5mm audio cable for receivers X 3 (60CM/2FT)
Attachment Clip X 3


You can buy Audio-Tehnica, Sennheiser, Sony microphone or Logitech HD Pro Webcam C920 or Creative Sound Blaster with microphone also.

2014-01RØDEPSA1 Studio Arm€88


2014-01Audio-TechnicaAT2020 XLR Microphone€81

Requires 48V phantom power

2014-01Audio-TechnicaAT2020USB+ USB Microphone€118

16 mm diaphragm
Cardioid characteristic
Frequency range: 20 - 20000 Hz
Maximum SPL: 144 dB
Headphone adapter with volume control
Table stand, mount and 3.1m USB cable


2020-01CordialCPM 3 FM • Thomann€18

For Audio-Technica AT2020 XLR microphone.

Item: 11037
Length: 3m
Plug 1: NEUTRIK XLR female 3-pole
Plug 2: NEUTRIK XLR male 3-pole
Cable: CMK 222



Frequency Response: 50 - 15,000 Hz
Three-Conductor Gold-plated, straight plug

2017-09SennheiserPCV 05 Combo Audio Adaptor€9

• Suitable for all Sennheiser PC gaming headset with two plugs (sound and microphone).
• Compatible with Apple computers and PS4.
• Adapter cable: 2 x 3.5 mm stereo mini jack to 1 x 3.5 mm four-pole jack

19" Studio Racks / DI-Box / Power / Studio Monitors

Thon Racks (DE)All Metal Parts (UK)3U Cabinet1U Panel

Studio Rack1U2U3U4U5U6UVPFP

2016-01HAMMFGRCBS Desktop Rack€128

2016-01ZaorMIZA Desktop Rack€130

ZAOR MIZA Desktop Racks come in three sizes (2, 4 or 6 rack units) as well and complement the series with some further rackspace for 19″ rack-able gear. Admittedly, the amount of outboard is shrinking, but there are still a large number of you out there who own a nice Armada of external processors, keyboard expanders, converters, CD/DVD players, tuners, power conditioners and UPS (not the shipping guys but uninterrupted power supply for PCs ) and much more. So when the main vintage gear has taken up all the space in your workstation, and you need more space to put all of this equipment, the MIZA Desktop Racks come in handy, at a reasonable cost and yet with a fresh designer look, that goes well with other MIZA elements such as the workstation the keyboard workstations or the stands.

2016-01BehringerULTRA-DI PRO DI800€115

• Professional, multi-purpose 8-channel Direct Injection box for stage and studio applications.
• Converts unbalanced line inputs into balanced outputs.
• Optional mains or phantom powered operation.
• Ultra-flat frequency response due to servo-balanced operation.
• Allows direct connection to speaker outputs with more than 3,000 Watts.
• Ultra low-noise operational amplifiers for outstanding audio performance.
• +20 dB gain switch for pre-amplification of low-level signals.
• Attenuation switch for input levels up to +40 dBu.
• Ground Lift switch eliminates typical ground loop problems.
• Link output for easy connection to further equipment.
• Gold-plated XLR and 1/4" TRS connectors.
• Illuminated switches enable perfect operation in dark stage environments.
• High-quality components and exceptionally rugged construction ensure long life and durability.
• Manufactured under ISO9000 certified management system.


2016-01FurmanPower Conditioner€76+

• Noise Filtration.
• AC noise filtering to reduce radio frequency and electromagnetic interference (RFI/EMI).
• Surge Protection.
• Spike & surge protection ensures equipment stays safe and your power stays clean.
• 11 Total Outlets.
• 10 rear panel outlets and 1 front panel convenience outlet.
• 10 Amp Rating.
• 10 amp rating, with circuit breaker.
• "Protection OK" Indicator.
• Front panel indicator LED lets you know that your equipment is being protected.

2016-01YamahaHS Series€160-432

Powered nearfield monitor speakers built on the success of its legendary predeccesors that have become a genuine industry standard for their accuracy.

JBL LSR308, Yamaha HS8, KRK RP8G3 Comparison

2016-01JBLSeries 3€120-376

Delivering professional performance at most affordable price points, 3 Series Powered Studio Monitors are first to incorporate JBL’s exciting new technology, the Image Control Waveguide. In conjunction with 3 Series high-performance transducers and system components, the Image Control Waveguide lets you hear detail and depth in recordings as you've never heard before.

JBL LSR305, Yamaha HS5, KRK RP5G3 Comparison

AV Receivers and Speakers

1. For good sound it is better to buy Separate Component System than All-in-one Home Theater in a Box System.
2. The human ear can nominally hear sounds in the range 20 Hz to 20000 Hz (20 kHz). Anything over 20000 Hz (20 kHz) and below 20 Hz is good but not as important.
3. Most consumer speakers today range in impedance from 4 to 8 ohms. The lower the impedance, the more power they will pull from the same amp. So an amp that puts 50 watts into an 8 ohm speaker can put as much as 100 watts into a 4 ohm speaker, assuming its power supply and circuitry is up to the task.

Understanding speaker frequency responseUnderstanding surround sound formats

If you want good quality for rational price, you can choose SONY (SS-CS5 / 53-50,000 Hz / 80 EUR) or YAMAHA (NS-F51 / 43-26,000 Hz / 122 EUR), PIONEER (SP-BS22-LR / SP-PK22BS / 55-20000 Hz / 108 EUR) speakers and receivers. If you want to pay more, you can choose POLK AUDIO (RTiA7 / 20Hz-27000Hz / 368 EUR), CANTON (GLE 409 / 20Hz-30000Hz / 416 EUR) or DEFINITIVE TECHNOLOGY (BP7004 / 16Hz-30000Hz / 590 EUR) speakers.

2017-12YamahaRX-V383 AV Receiver€230

2017-12YamahaRX-V683 AV Receiver€500

2017-01SonySTR-DH550 AV Receiver€230

2017-01SonySTR-DN1080 AV Receiver€580

2016-01YamahaRX-V781 AV Receiver€530

Has audio pre out 7.2ch connections

2017-01SonySS-CS3 (Front/Rear/Side)€180

Frequency Response: 45 Hz–50 kHz
System: 3-way, 4-driver speaker system
Enclosure: Bass reflex
Impendance: 6 ohms
Input Terminal: Screw type
Woofer: 5.12 in cone type x 2
TweeterR: 0.98 in dome type x 1
Dimensions (W X H X D): 9.05 x 36.30 x 10.24 in

2017-01SonySS-CS5 (Front/Rear/Side)€80

Frequency Response: 53Hz-50kHz
System: 3-way, 3-driver speaker system
Enclosure: Bass reflex
Finish: Cloth (Grille), PP Sheet (Cabinet)
Impendance: 6 ohms
Maximum Input Power: 100W
Sensitivity: 87 dB (2.83V, 1m)
Input Terminal: Screw type
Woofer: 13cm cone type x 1
Tweeter: 25mm dome type x 1
Dimensions (W X H X D): 178 x 335 x 220 mm

2017-01SonySS-CS8 (Center)€112

Frequency Response: 55 Hz–25 kHz
System: 2-way, 3-driver speaker system
Enclosure: Bass reflex
Finish: Cloth (grille), PP sheet (cabinet)
Maximum Input Power: 145 W
Impendance: 6 ohms
Woofer: 3.94 in cone type x 1
Ttweeter: 0.98 in dome type x 1

2017-01SonySS-CS9 (Subwoofer)€180

Frequency Response: 28–200 Hz
Woofer: 9.84" mica reinforced cellular woofer

2017-01Amazon14-AWG 30m Wire€18

Speaker Wire 2 ohm load 4 ohm load 6 ohm load 8 ohm load
Gauge / Size feet m feet m feet m feet m
22 AWG 3 1 6 2 9 3 12 3
20 AWG 5 1 10 3 15 4 20 6
18 AWG 8 2 16 5 24 7 32 10
16 AWG 12 3 24 7 36 11 48 14
14 AWG 20 6 40 12 60 18 80 24
12 AWG 30 9 60 18 90 27 120 36
10 AWG 50 15 100 30 150 45 200 60
PC Enclosure


Super Micro



Lian Li



Travelling: International Air Transport Association (IATA) defined common cabin luggage size as 55 × 35 × 20 cm (or 21.5 x 13.5 x 7.5 in). There are plenty of PC cases which can take full GPU card and fit inside cabin trolley backpacks ( For example: Fractal Design Node 202 (38 x 33 x 9 cm) or SilverStone SST-FTZ01B-E (38 x 35 cm x 11 cm)

2014-01CorsairCarbide 330R€65


• E-ATX, ATX, Micro ATX and Mini ATX motherboards.

Technical specifications

• Extensive noise damping material on front door, side panels, and top removable panel to quiet noisy internal components.
• Front door is reversible, with angled air intakes to reflect internal noise away from the user.
• Direct airflow to components – the front 140mm fan is unrestricted by hard drive cages and has a low-restriction dust filter in front for excellent cooling and low noise levels.
• Removable top panel, with top fan mounts pre-drilled for 240mm or 280mm radiator compatibility.
• Up to five separate fan mount locations Front: 140mm included (upgradeable to dual 120mm or 140mm).
• Top: Dual 120mm or 140mm.
• Rear: 120mm included.
• USB 3.0 on front panel with internal motherboard connector.
• Four 3.5” / 2.5” hard drive bays with full SSD compatibility.
• Up to 450mm of space for long graphics cards.
• Up to 160mm of space for CPU coolers.
• Cable routing cutouts to keep your cables out of the airflow path.
• Tool free installation of 5.25” and 3.5” drives.
• Front IO - (x2) USB 3.0, (x1) Headphone, (x1) Mic


2016-11Intel7th Gen i7-7700 Processor€310

2016-11Intel7th Gen i5-7600 Processor€220

Code Name: Kaby Lake
Processor Number: i5-7600
Launch Date: Q1'17
Sockets Supported: Flip-Chip LGA1151
Lithography: 14 nm
Cores: 4
Threads: 4
Processor Base Frequency: 3.50 GHz
Max Turbo Frequency: 4.10 GHz
Cache: 6 MB
Bus Speed: 8 GT/s DMI3
TDP: 65 W
Max Memory Size (dependent on memory type): 64 GB
Memory Types: DDR4-2133/2400, DDR3L-1333/1600 @ 1.35V
Max # of Memory Channels: 2
ECC Memory Supported: No
Processor Graphics: Intel® HD Graphics 630
Graphics Base Frequency: 350.00 MHz
Graphics Max Dynamic Frequency: 1.15 GHz
Graphics Video Max Memory: 64 GB
4K Support: Yes, at 60Hz
Max Resolution (HDMI 1.4): 4096x2304@24Hz
Max Resolution (DP): 4096x2304@60Hz
Max Resolution (eDP - Integrated Flat Panel): 4096x2304@60Hz
Displays Supported: 3
PCI Express Revision: 3.0
PCI Express Configurations: Up to 1x16, 2x8, 1x8+2x4
PCI Express Lanes: 16
Thermal Solution Specification: PCG 2015C (65W)
Instruction Set: 64-bit

2014-02Arctic SilverArctiClean€9

ArctiClean is a two-step cleaning process that removes existing thermal grease or pads and prepares the thermal surface for a fresh application of thermal interface material.

2014-02Arctic Silver5 Thermal Compound€7

High-Density Polysynthetic Silver Thermal Compound Arctic Silver 5 is optimized for a wide range of bond lines between modern high-power CPUs and high performance heatsinks or water-cooling solutions.



Cooler Specification
Socket compatibility: Intel LGA2011-0 & LGA2011-3 (Square ILM), LGA1156, LGA1155, LGA1151, LGA1150 & AMD AM2, AM2+, AM3, AM3+, FM1, FM2, FM2+ (backplate required)
Size (without fan): H158 x W125 x D45 mm
Size (with fan): H158 x W125 x D71 mm
Material: Copper (base and heat-pipes), aluminium (cooling fins), soldered joints & nickel plating
Fan compatibility: 120x120x25
Scope of Delivery: NF-F12 PWM premium fan, Low-Noise Adaptor (L.N.A.), NT-H1 high-grade thermal compoun, SecuFirm2™ Mounting Kit, Anti-vibration pads and fan-clips for second NF-F12, Noctua Metal Case-Badge
Warranty: 6 Years

FAN Specification
Model: Noctua NF-F12 PWM
Bearing: SSO2
%s: 1500 RPM
Max. Rotational Speed with L.N.A. (+/- 10%): 1200 RPM
Min. Rotational Speed (PWM, +/-20%): 300 RPM
Max. Airflow: 93,4 m³/h
Max. Airflow with L.N.A.: 74,3 m³/h
Max. Acoustical Noise: 22,4 dB(A)
Max. Acoustical Noise with L.N.A.: 18,6 dB(A)
Input Power: 0,6 W
Voltage Range: 12 V
MTTF: > 150.000 h

pc enclosure Fans

If you want SILENT PC, don't buy powerful fan if you don't need it. Look for minimum m³/h values as much as possible for your PC configuration. The biggest noise comes not from the fan itself, but from airflow, which goes through holes in case, where fan is attached. Bigger holes and space between case grid and fan means less noise. Even quiet fan with slow airflow, attached to case with small holes for ventilation, can become noisy. Ability to set fan speed manually is useful also.


Bad Quiet 120mm fans (sort by noise)


2014-02NoctuaNF-S12A PWM (4-Pin PWM)€18

2014-02NoctuaNF-S12B FLX (3-Pin)€18

Connector 4-Pin PWM 3-Pin
Speed (+/-10%) / Noise / Airflow 1200 RPM / 17,8 dB(A) / 107,5 m³/h
Speed (+/-10%) with L.N.Adaptor
/ Noise / Airflow
900 RPM / 10,7 dB(A) / 83,2 m³/h
Speed (+/-10%) with U.L.N.Adaptor
/ Noise / Airflow
N/A 700 RPM / 7,4 dB(A) / 65,8 m³/h
Min. Speed (PWM, +/-20%) 300 RPM N/A

Motherboard shipmentsDigitimes 2012-12-13

1. Asus 22.2 millions
2. Gigabyte 19 millions
3. ASRock 8 millions
4. MSI 6 millions*
5. Biostar 4.5 millions
6. ECS 4.5 millions*

*MSI and ECS' OEM shipments are not included.

Motherboard return rates / 2014-11-06

1. Gigabyte 2.51% (2.02%)
2. MSI 2.65% (2.60%)
3. Asus 2.86% (2.31%)
4. ASRock 2.99% (2.27%)

Consumer (Z, H) • Business (Q, B) Chipsets (2013-06-02)

Z = Premium / Gaming / Overclocable motherboards.
B = Midrange / Busines motherboards.
H = Budget / Home / motherboards.

2017-01MSIZ270 GAMING M5Compatibility €200

• Supports 7th / 6th Gen Intel® Core™ / Pentium® / Celeron® processors for LGA 1151 socket.
• Supports DDR4-3800(OC) / 3600(OC) / 3200(OC) / 3000(OC) / 2800(OC) / 2600(OC) / 2400 / 2133 MHz Memory.
• DDR4 Boost with Steel Armor: Give your DDR4 memory a performance boost.
• VR Ready and VR Boost: Best virtual reality game experience without latency, reduces motion sickness.
• Mystic Light RGB and Mystic Light Sync: 7 colors / 5 effects controlled in one click with GAMING APP or a mobile device.
• Twin Turbo M.2, Steel Armor, M.2 Shield. Intel Optane Memory Ready, Turbo U.2, Lightning USB 3.1 Gen2.
• Audio Boost 4 with Nahimic 2: Reward your ears with studio grade sound quality for the most immersive gaming experience.
• GAMING LAN with LAN Protect, powered by Killer™: The best online gaming experience with lowest latency and bandwidth management.
• BIOS Flashback+: Easy BIOS recovery without the need of a CPU, memory and VGA card.
• Military Class 5, Guard-Pro: Latest evolution in high quality components for best protection and efficiency.
• MULTI-GPU: With Steel Armor PCI-E slots. Supports NVIDIA SLI™ & AMD Crossfire™.
• In-Game Weapons: Game Boost, GAMING Hotkey, X-Boost, Xsplit Gamecaster.
• EZ Debug LED: Easiest way to troubleshoot.
• Click BIOS 5: Award-winning BIOS with high resolution scalable font, favorites and search function.
• GAMING CERTIFIED: 24-hour on- and offline game and motherboard testing by eSports players.


RAM return rates / 2014-11-06

1. Kingston 0,36% (0,29%)
2. Crucial 0,57% (0,41%)
3. G.Skill 0,97% (0,91%)
4. Corsair 1,20% (1,41%)

Dual channel (two modules) can have up to ~20% performance advantage over single channel (one module) in certain applications.

Dual-rank memory can have up to ~10% performance advantage over single-rank memory in certain applications. Most motherboards support limited number of ranks at a certain speed. If your motherboard supports only 4 ranks, you can put 4 single-rank modules or 2 dual-rank modules in it.

If you attempt to install more memory ranks than your system supports, it might not boot. Alternatively, it might boot, but the memory speed will be automatically downgraded to the next standard memory speed level. For example, if the memory modules are rated at 1600 MT/s, the next standard speed level down would typically be 1333 MT/s. This represents approximately a 17% reduction in speed. This might not have a substantial impact on overall system performance. While memory speed can be a bottleneck in certain situations, in many cases, the real-world performance difference between different memory speeds is relatively small (often in the single-digit percentage range).

Kingston • Find the right memory

Memory for MSI Z170A GAMING M5 Motherboard

16GB+ of RAM recommended.

2016-11KingstonFury HyperX 8GB€60

HyperX HX424C15FB2/8 (Single-rank) is a 1G x 64-bit (8GB) DDR4-2400 CL15 SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM) 1Rx8, memory module, based on eight 1G x 8-bit FBGA components per module. Each module has been tested to run at DDR4-2400 at a low latency timing of 15-15-15 at 1.2V.

2016-11KingstonFury HyperX 2x8GB€104

HyperX HX424C15FB2K2/16 (Single-rank) is a kit of two 1G x 64-bit (8GB) DDR4-2400 CL15 SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM) 1Rx8, memory module, based on eight 1G x 8-bit FBGA components per module. Total kit capacity is 16GB. Each module has been tested to run at DDR4-2400 at a low latency timing of 15-15-15 at 1.2V.

World's largest memory chip manufacturer

World's second largest memory chip manufacturer

Kingston Memory (Rebranded: Hynix, Elpida-Micron)

Branded DRAM Market Share 2013-07
37.8% Samsung, 26.5% SK Hynix, 26.8% Elpida-Micron (13.8%-13%)
Mobile DRAM Market Share 2013-07
55.8% Samsung, 21.7% SK Hynix, 21.2% Elpida-Micron (18.5%-2.7%)

Corsair Memory (Rebranded: Hynix, Elpida-Micron)

Desktop (Gaming) Memory (RAM) - Non-EEC, Unbuffered.
Server Memory (RAM) - EEC, Buffered / Registered.

P.S.: Norint pasiekti maksimalų kompiuterio greitį į naujas plokštes yra statoma speciali "Dual-Channel" atmintis, kuri parduodama poromis. T.y. jeigu jums reikia 8GB tai pirkite du atminties modulius po 4GB, tokiu atveju pagrindinė plokštė sugebės skaityti duomenis iš abiejų modulių atskirai, taip pasiekdama dvigubą greitį.

graphics Card

Graphics card return rates / 2014-11-06

1. MSI 2,25% (2,10%)
2. Gainward 2,67% (1,97%)
3. Gigabyte 2,98% (3,64%)
4. ASUS 3,00% (1,92%)
5. Zotac 3,09% (1,61%)
6. Sapphire 4,04% (2,80%)
7. HIS 5,09%

Graphics card market 2013-04-18

1. Palit (Gainward)
2. PC Partner (Sapphire, Zotac)
4. MSI
5. Gigabyte

MSI GeForce GTX Armor prices on • Benchmarks

GeForce GTX 1080 8GB - 2017-09-01 - €453 (100%)
11,992 (100%)
GeForce GTX 1070 8GB - 2017-09-01 - €403 (89%)
11,023 (92%)
GeForce GTX 1060 6GB - 2017-09-01 - €294 (65%)
8,717 (73%)

Graphics Card Benchmark


2017-01MSIGeForce GTX 1070 Armor€405


Boost Clock / Base Clock
1746 MHz / 1556 MHz
8192 MB GDDR5 / 8008 MHz Memory

Video Output Function

DisplayPort x 3
HDMI x 1
Dual-link DVI-D x 1


Virtual Reality Ready
G-SYNC™ technology

DirectX 12 Ready
Great for 4K
Gamestream to NVIDIA® SHIELD

M.2 SSD B Key • 6 Contacts M.2 SSD M Key • 5 Contacts M.2 SSD B+M Key • 6+5 Contacts
SATA and/or PCIe x2 SATA and/or PCIe x4 Depends on what M.2 SSD and connector supports (B or M). Check system and M.2 SSD documentation.

HDD & SSD ReliabilityBench(2014-01-01)

2017-09IntelSSD 750 Series (400GB)€320

2017-01SamsungSSD 850 Evo (250GB)€85

2017-01SamsungSSD 960 Evo (250GB)€150

960 EVO 850 EVO
Connector M.2 Key M SATA
Form Factor M.2 2280 2.5 inch
Interface NVMe PCIe 3.0 x4 32Gb/s SATA III 6Gb/s
Read Up to 3,500 MB/s 540 MB/s
Write Up to 1,900 MB/s 520 MB/s

RAM - Random-access (volatile computer) memory.
NVM - Non-volatile (computer) memory.
SSD - solid-state drive based on NVM.
M.2 ####, 2.5" - form factors (physical size) of SSD.
PCIe(fastest),SATA(medium),USB(slowest) - data transfer interfaces.
M.2 connector - can provide PCIe, SATA, USB interfaces.
NVMe - protocol for getting NVM to operate as an SSD via PCIe.

List of storage device bit rates (Wikipedia)

Solid State Drives (SSD) for OPERATING SYSTEM. SSDs provide peak performance for booting and high read and write performance to supporting computing that requires enhanced multitasking capabilities. HDDs provide the lowest cost per gigabyte. SSHDs provide a cost per gigabyte that’s just slightly higher than HDDs.

SeagateIBMWestern Digital 60 EUR

Solid State Hybrid Drives (SSHD) or Hard Disk Drives (HDD) for DATA. HDDs are the workhorses when it comes to sheer capacity and how much data can be stored. SSHD technology also offers maximum capacity points at affordable price points while SSDs are only affordable at lower capacities. High-capacity SSDs are extremely expensive. On the other hand, an SSHD can provide near–SSD performance for booting, launching, and loading data. HDDs usually provide ample performance for the majority of PC platforms available today.

2014-01StarTechRemovable HD Enclosure€56

Removable 2.5" SATA HDD Enclosure, Backup System, Mobile Rack for 3.5 or 5.25" Bay

2011-08Icy DockMB982IP-1S Converter€20

• Converts your 2.5” SATA/SAS HDD or SSD to a 3.5” SATA/SAS hard drive, for 3.5” SATA/SAS drive bay usage.
• Support SATA 3 (6 Gb/s) hard drive.
• Full Metal and Heavy Duty with Easy Access to Drives.
• Airflow Vents for Heat Dissipation with Anti-vibration Design.
• Universal Mounting Holes for Most Common PC Cases.
• Compatible with Most 3.5” HDD Backplanes and Hot Swap Devices.
• Compatible with Mac Pro.
• Screw-less Design For Quick & Easy Installation.
• Perfect For System Integrators and IT Professionals.
• Compatible with 15mm height drives.

RAID Level 0 (Striping) (Greitis):

RAID kontroleris padalina informaciją į blokus (pvz. po 4KB, 64KB arba 128KB) ir rašo juos į skirtingus diskus. Tarkime, jūsų kompiuteryje yra vienas 40GB diskas. Maksimalus greitis, kuriuo šis diskas gali perduoti duomenis, yra 150Mbps. Tačiau pagrindinė plokštė sugeba duomenis priimti kur kas greičiau. Todėl jeigu įstatote antrą diską ir įjungiate duomenų perdavimą per RAID kontrolerį, plokštė perduoda informaciją RAID kontroleriui, kuris padaliną ją per pusę ir tuo pačiu metu rašo į du diskus po 150Mbps. Tokiu būdu sistema gali paduoti ir traukti duomenis per RAID kontrolerį dvigubu (teoriškai) greičiu t.y. 300Mbps (2x150Mbps).

Privalumas: Duomenų perdavimas yra 32-37% didesnis už vieno disko greitį.
Trūkumas: saugumas - jeigu nors vienas diskas suges neatstatomai, neteksite duomenų abiejuose diskuose.
Talpa: Loginio disko talpa yra du kartus didesnė už mažesniojo disko talpą (pvz. naudojant du 40GB talpos diskus, Loginio disko talpa bus lygi 80GB).
Pastaba: greičiui padidinti galite naudoti du mažesnės talpos, bet greitus diskus (10000rpm). Tai labai patogus sprendimas dizaineriams, dirbantiems su dideliais failais t.y. situacijose kada kietas diskas yra dažnai maksimaliai apkraunamas. Jeigu su kompiuteriu žaidžiate kortomis ir landžiojate po internetą tai RAID 0 jums nereikalingas.

RAID Level 1 (Mirroring) (Saugumas):

RAID kontroleris paraleliai dubliuoja informacijos blokus (pvz. po 4KB, 64KB arba 128KB) abiejuose diskuose. Duomenų perdavimo greitis nesikeičia.

Privalumas: Jei vienas diskas fiziškai suges, antras diskas veiks toliau. Pakeitus sugedusį diską, jame bus padaryta gerojo disko informacijos kopija.
Trūkumas: Kaina - vietos praradimas dėka informacijos dubliavimosi (pvz. naudojant du 80GB diskus, Loginio disko talpa bus lygi 80GB).
Talpa: Loginio disko talpa yra lygi mažesniojo fizinio disko talpai.
Pastaba: saugumui padidinti galite naudoti didelės talpos lėčiau besisukančius diskus (5400rpm). Tai patogus sprendimas saugoti svarbius archyvus.

RAID Level 0+1 (Striping + Mirroring) (Saugumas ir Greitis):

RAID kontroleris dubliuoja ir padalina informacijos blokus keturiuose diskuose. Šiai konfigūracijai reikia keturių diskų. (pvz. naudojant keturis 40GB talpos diskus, Loginio disko talpa bus lygi 80GB). Šiuo atveju galite naudoti didelės talpos standartiniu greičiu besisukančius diskus (7200rpm).

Privalumas: sistema veikia 20-32% greičiau, o sugedus vienam diskui informacija bus saugi. Informacija bus apsaugota ir sugedus dviem diskams - išskyrus atvejį jei tuo pačiu metu suges du diskai su vienoda informacija.
Trūkumas: kaina - vietos praradimas dėka informacijos dubliavimosi (pvz. naudojant keturis 40GB diskus, Loginio disko talpa bus lygi 80GB).
Talpa: Loginio disko talpa yra dvigubai didesnė už mažiausiojo fizinio disko talpą.
Pastaba: Šiuo atveju galite naudoti didelės talpos normaliai besisukančius diskus (7200rpm).

RAID Level 5 (Striping + Parity) (Saugumas ir Greitis):

RAID kontroleris padalina informacijos blokus per visus diskus ir vieną bloką (parity) palieka kontrolinei sumai. Šiai konfigūracijai reikia ne mažiau nei 3 diskų. kontrlinė suma visada užims vieno disko didį.

Privalumas: Su 3 diskais sistema veikia taip pat greitai kaip ir RAID 0 (kuo daugiau diskų, tuo teorinis greitis didesnis), o sugedus vienam diskui, trukstamą informaciją galima atstatyti. Tai viena iš populiariausių RAID konfiguraciju.


Hitachi-LG Data Storage (HLDS)Philips Lite-On Digital Solutions (PLDS)


Blu-ray rewriter: allows you record Up to 50GB of files photos or business documents onto a single dual layer BD-R blu-ray disc.

LightScribe: laser-printing technology that allows users to create silkscreen-quality labels right inside LG optical drives with a simple clip of the disc.

BD-R(DL)/BD-RE(SL/DL) 2x, 4x CLV, 6x, 8x, 10x PCAV / 2x, 4x CLV, 6x, 8x PCAV
DVD+R: 2.4x, 4x (CLV), 8x (ZCLV), 12x (PCAV), 16x, 18x, 20x (CAV)
DVD-R: 2x, 4x CLV, 8x ZCLV, 8x, 12x PCAV, 16x CAV
DVD+RW: 2.4x, 4x, 6x CLV, 8x ZCLV
DVD-RW: 1x, 2x, 4x, 6x CLV
DVD-RAM: 2x, 3x CLV, 5x, 12x PCAV
CD-R: 8x, 16x CLV, 24x, 32x, 40x PCAV, 48x CAV
CD-RW: 4x, 10x, 16x CLV, 24x ZCLV
DVD+R DL: 2.4x, 4x CLV, 8x PCAV
DVD-R DL: 2x, 4x CLV, 8x PCAV

Buffer: 4MB

Power Supply Unit

Who is the manufacturer of your PSU?Power Supply Manufacturer TOP 10 (2006-10-19)

1. CWT - Channel Well Technology (Antec, Corsair, Gigabyte, OCZ, Thermaltake, Lead Power, Enermax)
1. Sea Sonic - (Antec, Corsair, OCZ, XFX)
1. FSP - Fortron Source Power (Fortron, Sparkle, Cooler Master*, Zalman, Aopen)
1. Topower (some TTGI - Super-Flower, OCZ, EPower/Tagan, RaidMax, Vantec, ACI)
2. Wintech (Ultra X-finity)
2. Acbel Polytech (Stateside, just the Cooler Master True Power)
3. Sirtec (Chieftec, Enlight, ThermalTake, High Power)
3. HEC - HeroIchi Electronic Co. (HEC, CompuCase)
3. AMS - American Media Systems (Mercury)
4. Youngyear (Aspire, Logisys, MGE, Ultra X-Connect, Rosewill)
4. ATNG (Coolink, CoolMax, Rosewill, StarTech)
5. CRAP! (L&C, Deer, Allied, Eagle, CodeGen/Foxconn, EverPower, Maxpower)

PSU return rates / 2014-11-06

1. FSP 0,83% (1,57%)
2. be quiet! 0,84% (0,77%)
3. Corsair 1,32% (1,52%)
4. Cooler Master 1,51% (1,42%)
5. Zalman 1,72% (0,84%)
6. Thermaltake 1,86% (2,48%)
7. Sea Sonic 2,31% (2,91%)
8. Akasa 2,97% (2,39%)
9. Cougar 4,74% (1,81%)

It is useful, if your PSU can support two NVIDIA graphics cards. When you buy new one, you can set old one as NVIDIA PhysX Processor.

Power Supply Calculator

2016-01CorsairRMx 650, 750, 850€100-148

Corsair is re-branded SeaSonic, CWT, Chicony

Corsair RMx series power supplies give you extremely tight voltage control and quiet operation. Built with all Japanese 105°C capacitors, they’re a great choice for high performance PCs where reliability is essential. 80 PLUS Gold efficiency reduces operating cost and excess heat. Zero RPM fan mode ensures virtual silence at low and medium loads. Fully modular DC cables make builds and upgrades easy, with clean, great-looking results. 10 years warranty.

SeaSonic PRIME Fanless TX: 700W, Completely Fanless, Size: 170 x 150 x 86 mm

SeaSonic PRIME Fanless PX: 500W, Completely Fanless, Size: 140 x 150 x 86 mm

Corsair RM850x: 850W, Fanless until 400W, Size: 160 x 150 x 86 mm

Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)

2015-10APCBack-UPS Pro€120-300

Peace of mind from the world's most trusted UPS. The Back-UPS Pro family offers guaranteed power protection for high performance computer systems, routers/modems, external storage devices, game consoles and other electronics in your home or business. These UPSs supply electronics with abundant battery backup during outages and stabilize unsafe voltage levels. They also provide power protection from damaging surges and spikes, and allow the use of management software so you get the most out of your UPS. Premium features of this family may include Automatic Voltage Regulation (AVR), an LCD display, Smart Outlets, energy saving functions that reduce electricity use, network manageability, Watchdog, or configurable outlets. Together with the rest of the Back-UPS Pro's standard features, they are the perfect choice to protect your data and keep your system available.

East Penn Manufacturing Co. (US)
GS Yuasa (Japan)
EnerSys (US)
EverExceed Industrial Co., Ltd (China)
Exide Industries Limited (India)
Exide Technologies (US)
HBL Power Systems Limited (India)
Korea Special Battery (South Korea)
Manbat Ltd (UK)
Saft Groupe SA (France)
Systems Sunlight SA (Greece)
Zibo Torch Energy (China)


2013-08MicrosoftLifeCam Studio€60

2013-08LogitechHD Pro Webcam C920€70

Full HD 1080p video calling (up to 1920 x 1080 pixels) with the latest version of Skype for Windows*
720p HD video calling (up to 1280 x 720 pixels) with supported clients
Full HD video recording (up to 1920 x 1080 pixels) with a recommended system**
Logitech Fluid Crystal™ Technology
H.264 video compression*
Carl Zeiss® lens with 20-step autofocus
Built-in dual stereo mics with automatic noise reduction
Automatic low-light correction
Hi-Speed USB 2.0 certified (USB 3.0 ready)
Tripod-ready universal clip fits laptops, LCD or CRT monitors

* H.264 recording requires installation of QuickTime®.
** Requires installation of included software.

IP Camera

Market share for CCTV and video surveilance equipment (2016) (Source: IHS Markit / PDF)

1. Hikvision 21.4% (China)
2. Dahua 9.6% (China)
3. Axis Communications 5.3% (Sweden)
3. Panasonic 3.7% (Japan)
4. Hanwha Techwin 3.0% (South Korea)
5. Bosch Security Systems 2.4% (Germany)
6. Uniview 2.2% (China)
7. Avigilon 2.0% (USA)
8. Pelco by Schneider Electric 1.6% (USA)
9. Tyco Security Products 1.4% (USA)

Others 47.4%

Top 50 Security Companiesasmag Rankings 2014

The Ultimate IP Camera Guide (2011)

2020-10Axis Communications (Sweden)AXIS M10 Network Camera Series€250+

AXIS M1045-LW AXIS M1065-L AXIS M1065-LW
Max video resolution H.264 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080
Min illumination/ light sensitivity (Color) 0.25 0.25 0.25
Sensor size in megapixel 2 2 2
HDTV resolution 1080p 1080p 1080p
Built-in IR
Local storage (memory card slot)
Two-way audio
PIR sensor
Built-in microphone
Built-in speaker
Power over Ethernet
AXIS Camera Application Platform
AXIS Companion support
Set Top Box (STB)

Market share of leading Set Top Box vendors (2009)

1. Pace 13%
2. Motorola 11.1%
3. Tecnicolor (Thomson) 9.3%
3. Cisco 5.8%
4. Humax 5.5%
5. Samsung 4.5%
6. PBI / PESI 3.5%
7. Echostar 3.4%
8. Sagem 3.2%
9. Jiuzhou 2.8%

Others 37%.9 (2009)

Digital PC TV


Hauppage WinTV-NOVA-T-Stick turns your PC monitor into a high quality digital TV receiver. You can watch digital TV broadcasts in a window on your PC screen, or watch TV full screen. Record your digital TV shows to disk, and play them back at any time. You can also listen to digital radio in stereo*.

DVB Viewer (2012-052-26) 15 EUR - puiki programa žiūrėti skaitmeninei DVB-T (žinoma, reikalingas prie kompiuterio pajungtas ar kompiuteryje esantis skaitmeninės TV imtuvas).

Įsidiegus ir CybeLink PowerDVD 7 (kartu su juo į kompiutrį įdiegiamas tinkamas-veikiantis CyberLink H.264 "kodekas", galite žiūrėti skaitmeninę DVB-T televiziją Lietuvoje. Reikia tik opcijose nurodyti, kad H.264 signalą atkoduotų su CyberLink'o "kodeku".

DVB Viewer palaiko Windows Media Center distancinio valdymo pultą, kas padaro ją patogia naudojimui ne tik sėdint prie kompiuterio. Taip pat su šia programa galima žiūrėti DVD. Kita gera šios programos savybė - nefiksuotas vaizdo didinimas. Kadangi lietuviai transliuoja plačiaekranius filmus įspraudę į 4:3 formatą (kaip tikri lopai :), naudojantys plačiaekranius monitorius ar televizorius gali tą vaizdą patogiai išsididinti per visą ekraną.


WinegardRCAChannel Master

2013-11Antennas DirectClearStream 2V€66

The ClearStream™ 2V antenna has a unique integrated diplexer to take on the challenge of combining UHF and VHF signals. It has a 50+ mile range and it's the perfect back up in case of emergencies or bad weather. The ClearStream™ 2V comes with a 20 inch CJ-Mount and 30ft. Coaxial Cable.

Range 50+ Miles
New engineering for current UHF/VHF DTV frequencies
Great for indoor, outdoor and attic use
VHF 174 - 216 MHz (Channels 7-13)
UHF 470 - 806 MHz (Channels 14-69)
Impedance: 75 Ohm output F connection
Max gain: 10.4 dBi UHF;3.1dBi VHF
Dimensions: 20"L x 35.5"W x 6.5"D

Polarizing Filters (For “PASSIVE” Stereo 3D Projection)

Texas Instruments DLP for 3D
MasterImage 3D
Dolby Laboratories
American Polarizers

Silver FabricPolarizing Filters

So called 'Polarizers' are applied on dual projection displays based on DLP™ or LCD projectors to achieve an immersive perception. Experts call such displays "Passive 3D Displays". Linear or circular polarization are the two main methods to achieve this optical effect.But each method has it's own advantages.

The main advantage of circular polarizers is that the recipient can tilt their heads without losing the immersive 3D perception. However, plain circular polarizers can cause ghosting and color saturation errors which is why we use enhanced methods and high quality materials to induce this both phenomens.

In comparison to the circular method the linear method gives a likewise better signal blocking. Moreover, linear polarizers are not that exspensive as polarizers based on the circular method. Thus, linear polarizers are the most common application for passive 3D dispalys and we recommend to prefer the linear method whenever possible.

Product name Description Projectors Transmission Polarization contrast
SF-POL Affordable system with high quality results and excellent transmission LCD & DLP 42.3% 1350:1
SF-POLE Enhanced optical quality and extra heat resitance LCD & DLP 42,3% 1350:1
SF-POLAR Best performance and extra high transmission LCD & DLP 46.0% 1350:1
SF-SP Revolutionary technology for 3D with LCD projector displays LCD only >65.0% >1800:1
SF-SPAR Revolutionary technology for 3D with LCD projectors LCD only >71.0% >1000:1
SF-SX21 Unparallel high transmission D-ILA SX21 >75.0% soon to come
SF-Holders Filtermount systems up to 110 mm diameter Filter attachment

Polarizing Filters: Silver FabricHoyaAmerican Polarizers

3D “PASSIVE” Projection Screens

To reduce ghosting: Choose a screen with best (hight) extinction. The typical extinction of polarizers used in 3D projection displays is 1000. Choosing a polarizer with the maximum possible extinction is not necessarily the best choice, because high extinction polarizers usually have less transmission, and are less resistant to heat. Use polarizers with extinctions at least fifteen times larger than the screen extinction, both for the projector and for the eyewear.

When the viewer’s head is in normal position (upright), linearly polarized setup gives better performance due to its higher extinction. When the viewer’s head is rotated by 90º, both linear and circular setups are useless, because the parallax appears vertical instead of horizontal. The circular polarization offers a real advantage only in a certain interval of angles [A, B], where A > 0º, and B < 45º.


Silver 3D for front projection material is generally accepted as the Rolls Royce of 3D screens, with a price to match. The frame they supply is their SNAPPER, which looks real nice, but does NOT FOLD or break down (four sides are solid).

FilmScreen 150 for rear projection is a flexible rear projection screen material formulated with a neutral density gray tint for enhanced contrast. Excellent in rooms where high ambient light is a concern. Appropriate for moderate viewing angles. This material is a perfect choice for passive 3-D applications.

TechPlex 150 for rear projection is an acrylic rear projection screen material formulated with a neutral density gray tint for enhanced contrast. Excellent in rooms where high ambient light is a concern. Appropriate for moderate viewing angles. This material is a perfect choice for passive 3-D applications.

TechScreen 150 for rear projection is excellent for use in 3D applications due to the screens ability to preserve stereoscopic images.


Good brightness, good extinction, and looks to be good portability. Not cheap, but about half the price of Stewart. They claim to be the choice of DISNEY for 3D screens. They now have a rear screen material, but it is quite dark. They also offer a ROLLER screen with 3D material that would be produced on a custom basis.

Spectral 240 3D is used for ‘passive’ front projection with 3D systems using polarised light. The extinction ratio is high and provides spectacular 3D images. The surface also supports 2D images and so can be used successfully in applications where 2D and 3D are both shown. The intrinsically high gain (2.4) overcomes light losses in 3D systems. Seams are invisible under projection conditions.

Perlux 220 surfaces are recommended for ‘active’ (shutter eyewear) 3D systems and ‘passive’ systems not using polarised light. 3 levels of gain are available for different screen sizes to overcome inherent light losses in 3D projection. All Perlux screens give excellent images with 2D projection. Seams are invisible under projection conditions.

RP 3D is specially formulated for ‘passive’ 3D in applications where rear projection is required. Seams are virtually invisible under normal projection conditions.

There are two Stereo 3D projection techniques:

Front projection Rear projection (transparent projection screens)
The main advantage of front projection is that it takes less space to setup i.e. you don’t need space behind the screen to place the projectors. Rear projection is useful when you have space behind your screen for the projectors.
The audience will cast a shadown on the screen if they stand close to the screen. The immersive experience is lost. If you want the experience to be immersive you must use rear projection so that the viewer can walk up to the screen to allow their peripheral vision to be covered by the screen. Setting up a tracking system works better with rear projection.
Front projection screens are commonly available and are known in normal parlance as 'silver screens'. Rear projection screens called 'disney black screens' are custom made and more expensive. The color contrast is much better than front projection screens.

If immersion isn’t absolutely necessary, and stereoscopic 3D is the main goal, then front projection works effectively. Rear projection systems are a little more cumbersome to set up and more expensive, but the display is more compelling than front projection.

For Passive Stereo 3D Projection screens must have silver matte surface to preserve polarization.

Head Tracker

2008-06NaturalPointTrackIR 4:PRO€114

Experience real time 3D view control in video games and simulations just by moving your head! The only true 6DOF head tracking system of its kind. TrackIR takes your PC gaming to astonishing new levels of realism and immersion!

The TrackIR 4:PRO is NaturalPoint's premium product - the best optical headtracking system available.

Put Your Head In The Game!®

Wireless Network

2020-12TP-LinkArcher C4000€182

AC4000 MU-MIMO Tri-Band Wi-Fi Router.

• Ultra-fast Processing--A 1.8 GHz 64-bit CPU handles all.
• 4000 Mbps Wi-Fi speed--1625 Mbps on both 5 GHz bands and 750 Mbps on 2.4 GHz band.
• No more buffering--MU-MIMO and Tri-Band enable the router to connect more devices at the same time.
• Far-reaching Range--RangeBoost technology boosts Wi-Fi to farther coverage and Beamforming focuses signal to connected devices.
• Secure your network--HomeCare protects your network from malicious attack and you can manage who and how to access the network.
• Easy Setup--With intuitive Phone UI or Tether app, your network is ready to go within a minute.
• Gigabit Wired Speeds--1 WAN and 4 LAN gigabit ports bring wired speeds to the maximum and Link Aggregation even doubles it to 2 Gbps.

2020-12TP-LinkArcher T9UH€43

AC1900 High Gain Wireless Dual Band USB WiFi Adapter.

• Ultimate Wi-Fi Speed– AC1900 (600Mpbs on 2.4GHz band or 1300Mbps on 5GHz band) wireless speed with the next generation Wi-Fi - 802.11ac.
• Dual Band Wireless– 2.4GHz and 5GHz band for flexible connectivity.
• Ultimate Range – High gain antennas ensure superior range and stability.
• Beamforming Technology – Delivers a more targeted and highly efficient wireless connections.
• Super Speed USB 3.0 Port - Up to 10x faster than USB 2.0.
• Flexible Deployment - Equipped with a USB 3.0 Cradle for flexible deployment.
• WPS Button - Easy wireless security encryption at a push of the WPS button.
• Backward Compatibility – With support for 802.11 a/b/g/n standards

Firewall / Routing, VPN, IDPS & Webproxy


Firewall / Routing, VPN, IDPS & Webproxy.

• Fan less Desktop appliance
• Power supply with Matching power-cord
• Configuration cable
• Quickstart guide



InkJet for photos.
Laser for documents.

Canon i-SENSYS series Print Settings... for undistorted colors:

Canon LBP664C Properties ► [Quality] tab ► [Advaced Settings...] button:

Sharpness (Photo): 0
Gray Compensation: On
Toner Denisty: Adjust ► [Details] ► Cyan: 1,  Yellow: -2 

Canon LBP664C Properties ► [Quality] tab ► [v] Manual Color Settings (On) ► [Color Settings...] button ► [Matching] tab:

Matching Mode: Use
Application Color Matching Priority: On
Matching Method: Perceptual
Monitor Profile: Apple RGB

If image on your monitor looks good, but print is dark, it is possible, that brightness of your monitor is set too high. You can fix this by increasing brightness and contrast in the same "Color Settings" window > [Color Adjustment] tab.

2015-06EpsonEcoTank L355€190

All-in-One Functions: Print, Scan, Copy. 4 x 70ml individual ink bottles (Bk,C,Y,M), Driver and utilities (CD), Main unit, Power cable, Setup guide, User manual (CD).

Ink prices

• T6644 Yellow ink bottle - 70 ml - 6,500 pages - 10 EUR
• T6643 Magenta ink bottle - 70 ml - 6,500 pages - 10 EUR
• T6642 Cyan ink bottle - 70 ml - 6,500 pages - 10 EUR
• T6641 Black ink bottle - 70 ml - 4,000 pages - 10 EUR


• Printing Method: On-demand inkjet (Piezo electric)
• Nozzle Configuration: 180 Nozzles Black, 59 Nozzles per Color
• Printing Resolution: 5,760 x 1,440 DPI
• Scanning Resolution: 1,200 DPI x 2,400 DPI
• Output formats: JPEG, PDF
• Scanner type: Contact image sensor (CIS)
• Number of paper trays: 1
• Paper Formats: A4, A5, A6, B5, C6 (Envelope), DL (Envelope), No. 10 (Envelope), Letter, 9 x 13 cm, 10 x 15 cm, 13 x 18 cm, 13 x 20 cm, 20 x 25 cm, 100 x 148 mm, 16:9, Legal
• Duplex: Manual
• Print Margin: 3 mm (top, right, bottom, left
• Paper Tray Capacity: 100 Sheets Standard (20 Photo Sheets)
• Compatible Paper Weight: 75 g/m² - 255 g/m²
• Energy: 4.5W (ready), 11W (copying), 0.3W (off), 2.3W (sleep)
• Interfaces: WiFi, USB
• WLAN Security: WEP 64 Bit, WEP 128 Bit, WPA PSK (TKIP), WPA PSK (AES)
• Mobile and Cloud printing services: Epson Connect (iPrint)


2018-01Fellowes8MC Micro-Cut Shredder€78

• Item Number: 4692501
• Feed Type: Traditional
• Basket Type: Wastebasket
• Bin Capacity: 14
• Can Shred: Staples, Credit Cards
• Cut Size: 3 x 10mm
• Cut Type: MicroShred
• DIN Level - Paper: P-4
• DIN Level - Credit Cards: (Magnetic Strip): T-5
• Maximum Run Time (minutes): 5
• Entry Width (mm): 220
• Item H x W x D (cm): 38.42 x 30.48 x 20.00
• Item Weight (kgs): 4.08
• Units per Master Carton: 2
• Noise reduction: N/T
• Advanced Safety: Safety-Cut out on Bin Removal, Safety Lock
• Sheet Capacity: 8
• Shreds Per Page: 2079
• Average Shred Speed (mpm): 1.6
• Type of use: Home/ Home Office
• UPC Code: 043859724697
• Warranty: 2 Yr Machine / 3 Yr Cutter


2021-06FellowesSaturn 3i A4 Laminator€90

Ready to laminate in just 60 seconds with InstaHeat Technology
Laminates A4 size documents in 80-125 micron pouches
Laminator feed sensor indicates when a document has been misfed and stops the laminating process, allowing the pouch to be released and realigned
Auto shut off after 30 minutes of inactivity, reducing energy consumption
Lamination speed of 30cm/minute
Includes 10-pouch laminating starter kit
For use in small office environments

Round Corner Cutter

2021-06Sun-StarPro-Neo Corner Cutter S4765079€20

Product ID: S4765079
Corners: 3mm, 5 mm, 8mm
Width: 107 mm
Height: 186 mm
Depth: 51 mm

Home Appliances
The Best Home Hardware


2019-12WhirlpoolSupreme Chef MWP 3391 SB€355

There are few front panel designs. This one is ItalianFrench model.

Interior capacity: 33 L
Microwave power: 1000 W
Grill power: 1200 W
Turntable size: 36 cm
Integrated clock: Yes
Grill: Yes
Convection cooking: Yes
Steam cooking: Yes
Keep warm function: Yes
Defrost function: Yes
Crisp maker: Yes
Dough rising: 30°C


2020-12TefalActiFry Genius XL 2in1 YV970840 1.7kg€195

Genius frying gets even smarter. 2in1 technology makes it easy to cook the different parts of your meal the healthy way and still have them all ready at the same time.

Actifry technology: Dual Motion Technology
Food capacity: 1.7 kg
Oil Measurement: 20 ml spoon
On/Off Switch
Other Cooking modes: 9 modes
Dishwasher safe: Lid, pan, paddle
Colours: Black

Multi Cooker